According to a July 3, 2015 MMWR report, sodium intake in the United States is still much higher than recommended. Increased sodium is an important risk factor for hypertension. In 2013, among 26 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, the median prevalence of taking action to reduce sodium intake was 51%, ranging from 39% to 73%. These data highlight the opportunity to increase the proportion of health professionals who advise their patients to reduce sodium intake.
A drug available from the CDC Drug Service helped treat the first American since 1978 to survive illness from Naegleria fowleri, a brain-eating ameba found in untreated, warm freshwater. These special drugs are kept onsite at CDC and are acquired from the drug manufacturer, as needed.
CDC launched a website for people who lead or participate in community health improvement work within hospitals and health systems, public health agencies, and other community organizations. It is a one-stop shop for expert-vetted tools and resources for making the case for collaborative approaches to community health improvement, establishing and maintaining effective collaborations, and finding interventions that work for the greatest impact on public health and well-being. Resources are available to download, including, infographics, slides, and fact sheets.
CDC’s Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support has developed a fact sheet to identify resources, other than grant funding, that CDC can offer state, tribal, local, and territorial (STLT) health agencies. Resources include information on training fellowships, program development, implementation, and evaluation, and technical assistance.
Influenza is a serious health threat, especially for vulnerable populations like older adults and people living with long-term disabilities. It’s especially important that people who live with or caring for frail, disabled and/or aging persons—including people who work in long-term care—get vaccinated for influenza and other vaccine-preventable diseases. This comprehensive toolkit includes resources intended to help long-term care employers provide access to influenza vaccination for their workforce.
CDC and its partners are closely monitoring a MERS outbreak in the Republic of Korea, the largest known MERS outbreak outside the Arabian Peninsula. MERS is a respiratory illness that has caused fever, cough, and shortness of breath in most people who have the disease. Healthcare providers should evaluate patients suspected to have MERS using CDC’s guidelines and work with health departments to consider testing for patients under investigation.
Until recently, in-language telephone quitline services for smokers who speak Asian languages were available only in California. In 2012, CDC funded the national Asian Smokers’ Quitline to expand this service to all states. Within 2 years, the quitline was able to enroll more than 5,400 smokers in 48 states.
Every associate has a unique experience in the Public Health Associate Program (PHAP). For the first time in PHAP history, you can hear directly from associates as they talk about some of their favorite experiences in these new videos.
Help encourage HIV testing on National HIV Testing Day—June 27, 2015. Spread the word in your community and raise awareness about the impact of HIV, the importance of HIV prevention and testing, the effects of stigma, and how you can work together to increase support for those living with HIV.
Critical congenital heart defects (CCHD) occur in approximately two of every 1,000 live births. In September 2011, the US Department of Health and Human Services Secretary endorsed the recommendation that CCHD be added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel for all newborns. In 2014, CDC collaborated with the American Academy of Pediatrics to assess states’ actions for adopting newborn screening for CCHD. This report summarizes the results of that assessment.
Travelers from Liberia are at extremely low risk of exposure to Ebola virus at this time. For more than two months, there have been no cases of Ebola virus disease in Liberia. As a result, CDC recommends that healthcare providers consider not only Ebola virus disease (EVD), but also other much more likely infectious diseases, including malaria, when evaluating ill travelers from Liberia to the United States.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the agent that causes tuberculosis (TB), can spread from person to person through the air, which can make contact investigations particularly complex in heavily populated settings such as schools. This report describes use of an Incident Command System (ICS) to rapidly deploy a large-scale TB testing operation. An ICS should be considered as a management and response tool for large-scale TB screenings that might be warranted by abnormally high TB test conversion rates during an initial contact investigation.
CDC continues to receive reports of infections with Shigella strains that are not susceptible to ciprofloxacin and/or azithromycin, the antimicrobial agents most commonly used to treat shigellosis. Most cases have been reported among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Illinois, Minnesota, and Montana and among international travelers, but cases are also occurring among other populations. Shigellosis is very contagious and can spread quickly through communities and across different segments of the population. This health advisory provides information about the current status of outbreaks, recommendations for clinical management and prevention, and information about testing.
When temperatures increase, communities across the country are vulnerable to heat-related illnesses. Heat-related illnesses include cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke, and may even lead to death. A new heat stress illness data and information module is now available on the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network (Tracking Network) to help you help your communities decrease the risk.
Prescription opioid painkillers are used to treat pain from surgery, injury, and health conditions such as cancer. Inappropriate prescribing and use of these painkillers is linked to dangerous health outcomes such as abuse, overdose, and death. But, there are promising strategies available.
The largest outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, outside of the Arabian Peninsula, has been confirmed in the Republic of Korea. Updated guidance for the evaluation of patients for MERS-CoV infection is available for state health departments and healthcare providers.
Diabetes mellitus is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. A CDC study released in May looked at associations between self-reported child abuse (sexual, physical, or emotional abuse) and neglect, and diabetes or prediabetes in young adulthood. Researchers used data from 14,493 participants aged 24 to 34 years from Wave IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to examine these relationships.
A new report from the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) tracks changes in the antibiotic resistance of six types of common foodborne germs found in ill people, retail meats, and food animals. In 2013, NARMS tested more than 5,000 germs from sick people for antibiotic resistance and compared them with previous years’ data to assess changes in resistance patterns.
Excessive alcohol use in the United States contributes to 88,000 deaths each year, including contributing to 1 in every 10 deaths among working age adults. Get important recommendations to help Americans make healthier choices about alcohol use from CDC’s Alcohol & Public Health program’s new fact sheet.
A May MMWR study shows that the most recent US data about the use of cancer screening reveal no progress toward meeting Healthy People 2020 targets. Mammography use in women aged 50–74 years was 72.6% (target 81.1%; Pap test use in women aged 21–65 years was 80.7% (target 93.0%); and colorectal cancer screening in men and women aged 50–75 years was 58.2% (target 70.5%).
CDC Health Information for International Travel (commonly called the Yellow Book) is published every two years as a reference for public health professionals who advise international travelers about health risks. The latest edition features comprehensive updates, a variety of new sections, and expanded disease maps (including country-level yellow fever vaccine recommendation maps).
CDC has released a health advisory, Bird Infections with Highly-Pathogenic Avian Influenza A (H5N2), (H5N8), and (H5N1) Viruses: Recommendations for Human Health Investigations and Response. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) confirmed more than 200 findings of birds infected with highly-pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A (H5N2), (H5N8), and (H5N1) viruses. More than 40 million birds have been affected in 20 states. Recommendations are available for healthcare providers on investigating potential human cases and surveillance and testing for HPAI H5 virus infection.
Infants have much higher rates of pertussis and pertussis-related deaths. Maternal vaccination with tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine protects infants from pertussis. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended in 2012 that pregnant women be vaccinated with Tdap during each pregnancy regardless of immunization status. Efforts educate pregnant women and their providers on the importance of Tdap vaccination during pregnancy are needed to increase coverage of Tdap among pregnant women.
The Public Health Community Platform (PHCP) is an Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) initiative created to develop a space to find solutions for common public health informatics problems that STLT agencies and their partners experience. ASTHO is looking for feedback to inform the development of the PHCP and has released a Request for Information (RFI). Learn more about PHCP and access the RFI response form to send them your feedback by Friday, June 12, 2015.
A new video has been posted to the Public Health Associate Program’s (PHAP) website, featuring CDC Director, Tom Frieden, talking about PHAP associates and the work they do on the frontlines of public health, protecting people from health threats. He also describes his ideal candidate and the qualities they hold, as well as how highly he regards this public health training program.
Eligible health departments may apply to Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) PS16-1601: National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS). This funding is available to help health departments continue NHBS—an ongoing bio-behavioral surveillance system among high-risk populations (including men who have sex with men, persons who inject drugs and heterosexuals at increased risk for HIV infection). The application submission deadline is August 3, 2015.
Foodborne illnesses represent a substantial, yet largely preventable, health burden in the United States. In 10 US geographic areas, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) monitors the incidence of laboratory-confirmed infections caused by nine pathogens transmitted commonly through food. This report summarizes preliminary 2014 data and describes changes in incidence compared with 2006–2008 and 2011–2013.
CDC's Division of Adolescent and School Health has released the 2013 National, State, and District Combined Datasets on the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) website. The YRBS combined datasets are unique because they include more than 1.3 million records from 820 YRBS high school surveys conducted from 1991–2013. The standard variables have been aligned across the years to facilitate trend analyses and combining data. The datasets also include selected additional data from optional questions about sexual identity, sex of sexual contacts, HIV testing, bullying, and other topics.
CDC’s new toolkit can help you prevent transmission of Lyme disease. Information on preventing tick bites, signs and symptoms of the disease, treatment options, and additional resources are available for use in your community.
This year’s theme is “Make a Healthy Splash: Share the Fun, not the Germs” and focuses on the role of swimmers, aquatics and beach staff, residential pool owners, and public health officials in preventing disease outbreaks, drowning, and pool chemical injuries. Find materials to help you inform the public, media, community leaders, and others about Healthy and Safe Swimming Week.
Join the next Public Health Grand Rounds, “Dengue and Chikungunya in Our Backyard: Preventing Aedes Mosquito-Borne Disease,” on Tuesday, May 19, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EDT). Outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases depend on many factors and are especially difficult to predict, prevent, and control. Because there are no licensed vaccines available to prevent dengue or chikungunya, controlling mosquito populations and reducing bites are currently the most effective prevention measures. This session will discuss the importance of preventing Aedes mosquito-borne diseases and the need for improved diagnostic, prevention, and control measures.
In July 2014, a norovirus outbreak linked to swimming in a lake in Oregon sickened 70 people. More than half of those who got ill were children under 10 years old. The likely cause of the outbreak was a sick, infected swimmer who had diarrhea or vomited in the swimming area; other swimmers apparently swallowed the contaminated water. A new MMWR report recommends that public health officials can benefit from guidance for determining when to reopen untreated recreational water venues associated with outbreaks. The report also links to public-facing health communication resources that officials can use to promote healthy swimming and prevent recreational water–associated illness.
Many adults in the US are not getting the recommended screening tests for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancers, according to a recent MMWR. Among adults in the age groups recommended for screening, about 1 in 5 women reported not being up-to-date with cervical cancer screening and about 1 in 4 women reported not being up-to-date with breast cancer screening. About 2 in 5 adults reported not being up-to-date with colorectal cancer screening. More Americans can access important preventive services, such as screening for some cancers, by getting health care coverage that fits their needs and budget through the Affordable Care Act.
Hispanics and Latinos make up about 17% of the US population—making them the largest minority group in the US. May’s Vital Signs presents findings from CDC’s first national study of the leading causes of death, disease prevalence, risk factors, and access to health services among Hispanics in the US. Join staff from CDC, Latinos for Healthcare Equity, and Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center for the next Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference, “Hispanic Health in the US,” today, May 12, at 2:00 pm (EDT).
Salmonella can cause serious infections, particularly among vulnerable groups such as young children and the elderly. In recent years, salmonella outbreaks linked to pet turtles have increased throughout the United States. This menu addresses state and territorial laws governing the sale of turtles, as well as other laws that limit turtle use and distribution.
CDC’s National Asthma Control Program helps people with asthma and their caregivers learn how to manage this chronic disease. In the United States, 25 million people live with asthma—about half of them do not have control over preventable attacks. Public health professionals can use these resources to help those with asthma better manage their symptoms.
State, tribal, local, and territorial public health departments using small drinking-water systems not regulated under the Federal Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Act are invited to apply for funding for drinking water programs to reduce water exposures. Funding will improve recipients’ ability to identify and address drinking water program performance gaps, improve efficiency and effectiveness of drinking water programs, and identify and reduce contamination of drinking water. If interested, submit your letter of intent by Wednesday, June 17, 2015, and apply before the June 19, 2015 deadline.
CDC’s Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry has posted a new funding opportunity for community health projects to increase the capacity to identify, address, and improve community health in revitalizing Brownfield/Land Reuse sites and communities. There is a focus to identify and address health issues prior to redevelopment and assessing changes in community health associated with reuse plans and redevelopment. Brownfield/Land Reuse sites may be the source of potentially harmful exposures because of contamination from previous property uses. If interested, submit your letter of intent by Wednesday, May 20, 2015, and apply before the June 22, 2015 deadline.
Population health surveillance can be costly, time consuming, and limited, depending on the data source. Clinical quality measures (CQMs) reported to the Medicare electronic health record (EHR) Incentive Program reflect aggregate data on all patients seen by the provider during a given measure’s reporting period and therefore represent a substantial proportion of the US population. These data are reported as a function of another federal program and are the result of automated extraction from an EHR, which might streamline the reporting process for the health care provider, resulting in data that are a useful resource in public health surveillance.
CDC and The Georgia Institute of Technology are developing a microneedle patch that could make measles vaccinations and other vaccine-preventable diseases easier to administer. The patch measures about one square centimeter and is administered with the press of a thumb. It is designed for ease of use by minimally trained workers and will simplify storage, distribution, and disposal compared with conventional vaccines.
A recent study published in the American Journal of Public Health shows that allowing more basic emergency medical services (EMS) staff to administer naloxone could reduce deaths from opioid overdoses. Naloxone is a prescription drug that can reverse the effects of prescription opioid and heroin overdose, and it can be life-saving if administered in time. CDC recommends expanding training on the administration of naloxone to all emergency service staff and helping basic EMS personnel meet the advanced certification requirements.
The Indiana State Department of Health and CDC are investigating a large outbreak of recent HIV infections among persons who inject drugs. Many of the HIV-infected individuals in this outbreak are co-infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Recommendations are available for health departments and healthcare providers to help identify and prevent HIV outbreaks among injection drug users.
State and local health officials, CDC, and FDA are collaborating to investigate an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infection (listeriosis) linked to Blue Bell Creameries ice cream products. To date, 10 people have been infected with several strains of L. monocytogenes in four states: Arizona, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Information suggests that ill people likely acquired L. monocytogenes infections from ice cream products they consumed while hospitalized for unrelated causes. CDC recommends that hospitals and long-term care facilities not serve or sell any Blue Bell brand products. People at higher risk for listeriosis include pregnant women, adults 65 and older, people with weakened immune systems, and hospitalized patients.
American Indian and Alaska Native teens and preteens are more likely to die from diabetes than youth of other races. On the Yakama Nation Reservation in Washington, healthcare workers have created a program to reduce diabetes complications and deaths. The results show that patients enrolled in the program are twice as likely to have their glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol under control as patients who are not enrolled. Find out how Yakama achieved this success in CDC’s latest Public Health Practice Story from the Field.
CDC is looking for women aged 18–44 willing to share their breast cancer stories as part of the new Bring Your Brave campaign. Contributors can help young women learn about their risk for early onset breast cancer and hereditary breast cancer through stories of survival. If you know someone who has a story to share, please ask her to visit our site to learn more about joining the campaign.
Public health practitioners can help make our nation healthier by using the evidence-based strategies and programs highlighted in the CDC Winnable Battles Progress Report 2014. This update to the first CDC Winnable Battles Progress Report captures recent data and contributions across each CDC Winnable Battle topic: tobacco, nutrition/physical activity/obesity, food safety, healthcare-associated infections, motor vehicle injuries, teen pregnancy, and HIV.
The Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) periodically sends a questionnaire to state epidemiologists to count the epidemiologic workforce and measure current core epidemiology capacity. This report summarizes the results from the 2013 questionnaire sent to epidemiologists in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Results indicate that overall state-level epidemiology capacity and the epidemiology capacity in many program areas has increased markedly since 2009. However, >50% of states reported minimal-to-no epidemiology capacity in occupational health, oral health, substance abuse, and mental health, and most health departments still lack critical technology capacity.
Join the next Public Health Grand Rounds, “Prevention and Control of Skin Cancer,” on Tuesday, April 21, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EDT). Skin cancer is a serious public health concern affecting 5 million people each year. Most cases are preventable, but despite efforts to address risk factors, skin cancer rates have continued to rise. This session will discuss prevention and control of skin cancer, with particular attention to how we all can help people protect their skin and their lives while enjoying the outdoors.
The United States is in the midst of an epidemic of prescription painkiller overdoses, and states are facing unique and challenging issues in fighting it. But, promising strategies and success stories for states can be found on CDC’s prescription drug overdose website.
CDC’s NPAO database collects state-level behavior, policy, and environmental indicators from multiple data sources. You can search the data by location or by NPAO-related indicators like weight status, breastfeeding, and television viewing. Access the database on CDC’s website and post the “Data, Trends and Maps” web button on your website to link your users directly to this tool.
About 43% of teens ages 15–19 have had sex. While more than 4 in 5 used birth control the last time they had sex, less than 5% of teens used the most effective types. Join staff from CDC, Children’s Hospital Colorado, and the South Carolina Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy for the next Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference, “Preventing Teen Pregnancy: A Key Role for Health Care Providers,” Tuesday, April 14, at 2:00 pm (EDT). This town hall will discuss what steps states, doctors, parents, and teens can take to increase the use of the most effective types of birth control to prevent teen pregnancy.
President Obama has declared April 6–12, 2015, National Public Health Week (NPHW). In conjunction with NPHW, the Administration has announced a series of executive actions to help the nation better understand, communicate, and reduce the health impacts of climate change. Actions include a Climate Change and Public Health Summit, a healthcare facilities toolkit, a report highlighting the actions of state and local health departments to reduce the impact of climate change, and integrating climate considerations into national health and safety policies. Check out the fact sheet to learn more about these efforts to combat climate change and protect the health of Americans.
Seven teens die in car crashes every day, making it the number one killer of teens. CDC’s new study about driving patterns among teens can help states tailor their efforts to protect teen drivers. For example, the number of teens reaching age 18 with little or no driving experience is substantial, especially among blacks and Hispanics in cities. This inexperience can put them at greater risk for being in crashes. Read the report to find out more about how to prevent these deaths.
CDC recently announced more than $185 million in funding to fight HIV among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). The funding can also be used in efforts to fight HIV among transgender people–particularly those who are African American or Latino. This increase in funding includes up to $125 million to help state and local health departments expand the use of two new, powerful HIV prevention strategies. The first uses pre-exposure prophylaxis for MSM and transgender people who are HIV-negative, but at substantial risk. The second uses ongoing medical care and antiretroviral treatment for people living with HIV to prevent transmission to others.
Deaths from drug overdoses have risen steadily over the past two decades and have become the leading cause of injury death in the US. The US Department of Health and Human Services and Secretary Burwell have made it a priority to implement evidence-based approaches to reduce opioid overdoses and overdose-related mortality and the prevalence of opioid use disorder. Learn more about the three priority areas to reach these goals.
In a new report from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, the 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (9vHPV; Gardasil 9) is recommended as one of three HPV vaccines that can be used for routine vaccination; the report provides recommendations for use. Similar to the quadrivalent HPV vaccine, 9vHPV protects against HPV 6, 11, 16, and 18 and five additional types: HPV 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.
The White House has the National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria. The plan outlines federal activities over the next five years to prevent and contain outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant infections, maintain the efficacy of current and new antibiotics, and develop and deploy next-generation diagnostics, antibiotics, vaccines, and other therapeutics.
This year’s Tips From Former Smokers Campaign features former smokers who suffer from smoking-related illnesses, such as vision loss and colorectal cancer. Learn more about the Tips campaign and find resources for your health department and partners.
Following recent outbreaks of CRE (carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae) related to duodenoscopes, CDC has developed an interim protocol to help combat antibiotic-resistant infections related to these procedures. CDC used input from healthcare facilities, partners, and stakeholders to develop the protocol for testing for bacteria contamination after the cleaning and disinfection process. The new protocol provides a step-by-step approach for facilities that want to test their duodenoscopes for contamination with bacteria, including CRE.
Learn how to educate healthcare providers about the dangers of falls. When an older adult falls, it can lead to injuries that reduce mobility, limit social interactions, decrease physical fitness, lower quality of life, and increase the risk of early death. CDC has developed the STEADI (Stopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths & Injuries) tool kit to educate healthcare providers about keeping older adults safe from falls. Older patients can also use the tool kit to stay healthy, active, and independent longer.
CDC and the National Library of Medicine will co-host a webinar about the updated Community Health Status Indicators (CHSI) 2015 web application on Tuesday, March 24 and Thursday, March 26. CHSI is an interactive web application that produces health profiles for all 3,143 counties in the United States. The experts who developed CHSI 2015 will explain how best to use this redesigned web application to raise public awareness of the range of factors that influence health. The webinar will also provide an overview of its new features.
Join CDC’s Injury Center in spreading the word about preventing Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs). A head injury can lead to a TBI, which can affect how a person feels, thinks, acts, and learns and has an impact on the entire family. But, TBIs can be prevented by wearing helmets, seat belts, and putting your child into a car seat. Whether you are a parent, school coach, or healthcare provider, you’ll want to learn more about how to recognize, respond to, and minimize the risk of concussion or other serious brain injury.
State, tribal, local, and territorial health departments interested in public health improvement are encouraged to attend the 13th annual Public Health Improvement Training (PHIT): Advancing Performance in Agencies, Systems and Communities, June 9–10, 2015, in New Orleans, Louisiana. PHIT is produced by the National Network of Public Health Institutes (NNPHI), in collaboration with CDC and national organizations. Learn more about the benefits of attending PHIT and apply to register.
Learn about the components of the US public health system using the Public Health 101 Series. The Public Health 101 Series consists of six modules with course materials for classroom or self-directed learning. Use the materials to explore these core concepts: Public Health, Prevention Effectiveness, Surveillance, Public Health Laboratories, Public Health Informatics, and Epidemiology. All modules can be downloaded and customized for informational or educational purposes. The Public Health 101 Series materials are a great introduction to the fundamentals of public health practice.
The Professional Standards for State and Local School Nutrition Programs Personnel were developed as a result of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. These regulations establish minimum professional standards for school nutrition personnel who manage and operate the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs. New requirements include regular training, which can potentially benefit all school-age children who participate in these nutrition programs.
Academic achievement and health are strongly linked for America’s youth. Access to healthful foods in school can help students become better learners. Students who eat breakfast perform and behave better in school. Students who skip breakfast, don’t eat enough fruits or vegetables, or who are hungry are not able to perform as well. A CDC podcast highlights evidence supporting the link between healthy eating and improved school performance. The podcast also provides tips to support school nutrition programs.
More than 86 million Americans are living with prediabetes, and nearly 90 percent of them unaware of it. CDC Centers for announced a joint initiative today with the American Medical Association to Prevent Diabetes STAT (Screen, Test, Act - Today™). This multi-year initiative expands the robust work already begun to reach more Americans with prediabetes and stop their progression to type 2 diabetes, one of the nation's most debilitating chronic diseases.
According to a report in today’s MMWR, two out of three people diagnosed with cancer survive five years or more. CDC scientists reviewed data on cases of invasive cancers reported to the National Program of Cancer Registries during 2011. Incidence rates for all cancer sites ranged from 374 cases per 100,000 persons in New Mexico to 509 cases per 100,000 persons in the District of Columbia.
CDC’s updated Community Health Status Indicators 2015 web application contains profiles for all 3,143 counties in the United States. Each profile includes key indicators of health outcomes, which describe the population health status of a county and factors that have the potential to influence health outcomes. Organizations conducting community health assessments can use CHSI data to assess community health status and identify disparities; promote a shared understanding of the wide range of factors that can influence health; and mobilize multisector partnerships to improve population health.
On March 6, 2015, the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) awarded five-year accreditation status to seven more health departments: Allegany County Health Department (Maryland), Burke County Health Department (California), Clinton County Health Department (New York), District of Columbia Department of Health (District of Columbia), Harford County Health Department (Maryland), Linn County Public Health (Iowa), Pierce County Public Health Department (Wisconsin). Since the programs launch in 2011, 67 health departments have been awarded five-year accreditation status, bringing the total population now served by a PHAB-accredited health department to more than 112 million.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), with CDC’s National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program, has awarded fellowships to Alaska, Arizona, Rhode Island, and Virginia to submit hospital discharge and emergency department visits data as part of the 2015 Environmental Public Health Peer-to-Peer Fellowship Program. On the Tracking Network, you can view maps, tables, and charts with health data submitted by participating agencies. These data cover chemicals and other substances found in the environment, some chronic diseases and conditions, and the area where you live. Since launching in 2009, ASTHO’s tracking fellowship program has supported the capacity and infrastructure-building efforts of at least 25 non-funded health agencies to advance environmental public health tracking activities in their states and locales.
The Department of Health and Human Services has released the National Health Security Strategy 2015–2018 (NHSS). NHSS provides strategic direction to ensure that efforts to improve health security nationwide over the next four years are guided by a common vision and carried out in an efficient, collaborative manner. Learn more about the strategic objectives and implementation of this nationwide plan to address health security.
Cardiovascular disease is responsible for almost one in three deaths worldwide. CDC, the Pan American Health Organization, and other partners are collaborating to address this global problem. Together, they are launching the Global Standardized Hypertension Treatment Project. The project will develop and implement a framework for standardizing the treatment of hypertension using medications. The project is designed to be feasible and flexible enough to be applied worldwide and to complement existing hypertension guidelines. Learn more about this project and access the Global Standardized Hypertension Treatment Project Toolkit.
CDC, the US Food and Drug Administration, and the US Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service have developed a new method for understanding foodborne outbreaks. Scientists have analyzed outbreak data to find out which foods are responsible for illnesses related to four major bacteria. These four bacteria cause 1.9 million cases of foodborne illness in the US each year. Read their report to learn more about this new method and the results.
This week the US Department of Health and Human Services’ Million Hearts initiative recognized 30 Hypertension Control Champions. These public and private health care practices and systems have made great progress in helping their patients control high blood pressure. Congratulations to the 2014 Million Hearts Hypertension Control Champions!
A new CDC study shows that 90% of new HIV infections in the US could be averted by diagnosing people living with HIV and ensuring they receive prompt, ongoing care and treatment. Scientists used statistical modeling to develop these first US estimates of the number of HIV transmissions from people at different stages of HIV care. The research also shows that the further people progress in HIV care, the less likely they are to transmit their virus.
The United States health care and public health systems are currently undergoing a significant transformation. As more of the US population is covered by health insurance, tremendous opportunities emerge to improve health. This brief focuses on the interface of public health departments and Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) and highlights opportunities for enhanced collaboration between the two entities. Learn how ACOs work with public health departments in CDC’s new policy brief on ACOs.
CDC has reported the discovery of Bourbon virus. This virus may have contributed to the death of a previously healthy man in eastern Kansas in 2014. A new report details the progression of the man’s illness and actions taken by CDC, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, and University of Kansas Medical Center to treat and investigate the case. Learn more about Bourbon virus, a thogotoviruses, and this case.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has published a new resource to help American Indian and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) with new healthcare coverage. The “From Coverage to Care” brochure for AI/ANs can help newly covered AI/ANs understand their benefits and connect to primary care and the preventive services that are right for them. The brochure also explains coverage benefits and protections unique to AI/AN consumers. For example, partners can use the brochure and other resources to talk with consumers about enrolling during special enrollment periods throughout the year, cost-sharing to make coverage more affordable, and finding the right primary care or Indian healthcare provider for them.
CDC has posted a map of the ongoing measles outbreak originally linked to an amusement park in California. The map will be updated weekly on Mondays.
Join the next Public Health Grand Rounds, “Global Polio Eradication: Reaching Every Last Child,” on Tuesday, February 17, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EST). This session will highlight innovative strategies being used in countries affected by insecurity to accelerate immunization and surveillance efforts to make the world polio-free. Join the discussion or ask a question by using hashtag #CDCGrandrounds on Twitter.
The “2015 Measles Outbreak: Exploring the Role of Public Health Law” webinar will examine the current measles outbreak in the United States and associated legal issues. The free webinar, presented by CDC’s Public Health Law Program, the Network for Public Health Law, and the American Society of Law, Medicine and Ethics, will take place Thursday, February 19 from 1 to 2:30 pm (EST). Participants might qualify for CLE credit.
FastStats, a new mobile app from CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics, provides up-to-date health statistics on more than 100 public health topics. Users can search by topic, bookmark, highlight, annotate, and share statistics with colleagues on Facebook and Twitter—right from their iPhones or iPads. It will be available for Android devices soon. The app is available in the App Store.
CDC and Million Hearts® aim to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017. This goal requires work, a commitment to change, and collaboration across agencies and between partners. You can share resources from Millions Hearts® with your communities to connect people to appropriate care and resources to improve blood pressure control.
In California, 27.7% of people who experienced serious psychological distress during 2011?2012 reported smoking, compared with 12.6% of the general population. The California Tobacco Control Program (CTCP) surveyed county and private behavioral healthcare programs to assess their readiness for adopting tobacco control strategies at behavioral health treatment facilities. CTCP then offered trainings that focused on the special smoking-cessation needs of people with mental illness or substance-abuse disorders. As a result, the number of California behavioral healthcare facilities that adopted tobacco-control strategies has doubled.
A new University of Pennsylvania study found that stores accepting nutrition assistance programs were more likely to display tobacco ads. According to the report, tobacco advertising is widespread in urban areas with racial/ethnic minority and low-income households that participate in nutrition assistance programs, such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Tobacco sales and advertising are linked to smoking and may add to the health issues low-income families face.
This research brief from the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) gives the results of a national assessment of disability inclusion efforts by local health departments (LHDs). NACCHO will use the findings to develop a framework for education, training, and outreach materials to raise LHD awareness of health inequities experienced by people with disabilities.
The United States is experiencing a large multi-state measles outbreak that started in California in December 2014 and has spread to six additional states and Mexico. CDC and state health departments are investigating the outbreak, which is associated with travel to Disneyland resort theme parks. This Health Alert Network advisory provides guidance to public health departments, healthcare facilities, and healthcare providers. Please disseminate this information to healthcare providers in hospitals and emergency rooms, primary care providers, and microbiology laboratories.
CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control published state-by-state fact sheets with data, information, and strategies about drunk driving and restraint use that can help you implement strategies to save lives. You can download state datasets, maps, charts, and graphs to use on your websites or in presentations. Data are available for all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, in partnership with CDC and more than 35 partners, released its second report of the National Health Security Preparedness Index (NHSPI™). The NHSPI™ graded the nation’s preparedness for natural disasters, terrorism, and disease pandemics at 7.4 out of 10.
To help state health agencies address STDs, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) compiled resources for health officials that give a snapshot of current STD trends and opportunities for leadership engagement. State health leaders can use these resources and recommendations to raise awareness about STD issues and demonstrate the value of infrastructure and collaboration at the state level. ASTHO, CDC, and partners examined the integration of STD services and identified opportunities for collaborative efforts.
CDC's Public Health Law program compiled a table of state-by-state Ebola protocols to help law and policy makers prepare for and respond to Ebola-related situations. The table will be updated as states modify their Ebola response protocols.
CDC's interactive diabetes atlas displays state-level diabetes data and trends. The atlas has customizable maps and graphics of diabetes surveillance data, an interactive application to view state-specific trends by age and sex, and downloadable maps, charts, and data tables that can be used in grant applications, reports, articles, and publications.
According to new data, American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations experienced higher rates of new infections than non-Hispanic white populations in 14 of 26 reportable infectious diseases during 2007–2011. Although incidence rates of some infectious diseases have declined in AI/AN populations, disparities between groups remain. Interventions are needed to reduce disparities in chlamydia, gonorrhea, West Nile virus, spotted fever rickettsiosis, and other infections among AI/AN and NHW populations.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a major, yet often preventable, threat to patient safety. CDC’s annual “National and State Healthcare-Associated Infection Progress Report” expands on and updates previous years’ reports about progress toward the goal of eliminating HAIs. The report summarizes data submitted to CDC’s National Healthcare Safety Network, the nation’s HAI tracking system.
The Public Health Associate Program is a CDC-funded training program for recent graduates with a bachelor’s or master’s degree. It offers frontline public health experience at health agencies; community-based organizations; public health institutes and associations; academic institutions; and CDC quarantine stations across the country. The application period is open January 12–16, 2015.
On January 12, 2015, on the radio program American Indian Living, Dr. Doris Cook shared real-life tribal public health success stories of Native American communities serving as public health role models. The stories were drawn from a partnership between CDC’s Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support, CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, and the Association of American Indian Physicians. The stories are intended to increase awareness and knowledge of culturally appropriate, evidence-based tribal public health intervention and strategies that can be replicated in other tribal communities.
Approximately 38 million US adults report binge drinking an average of four times per month and consuming an average of eight drinks per episode. Alcohol poisoning is typically caused by binge drinking at high intensity. Join staff from CDC, Boston University and the New Mexico Department of Health for the upcoming Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference, “Alcohol Poisoning Deaths: A Deadly Consequence of Binge Drinking,” Tuesday, January 13, at 2:00 pm (EST). The teleconference will describe key steps that states, communities, and health professionals can take to reduce alcohol poisoning deaths by reducing the prevalence, frequency, and intensity of binge drinking.
CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, has announced a new funding opportunity announcement (FOA), PS15-1505: Enhancing HIV Prevention, Communication, and Mobilization Efforts Through Strategic Partnerships. The purpose of this FOA is to support the Act Against AIDS campaign materials, messaging, and other CDC resources that support HIV prevention and to implement national engagement efforts focusing on HIV prevention and awareness. Learn more about this opportunity and apply by March 13, 2015.
Become a Public Health Associate Program (PHAP) host site and enhance your ability to deliver public health services. PHAP hires recent graduates with a bachelor’s or master’s degree and assigns them to work in state, tribal, local, and territorial public health agencies; community-based organizations; public health institutes and associations; academic institutions; and CDC quarantine stations to fill critical staffing gaps and gain broad experience in public health program operations. Interested host sites can apply January 5–23, 2015.