The Community Prevetive Services Task Force recommends combined diet and physical activity promotion programs for people at increased risk of type 2 diabetes based on strong evidence of their effectiveness in reducing new-onset diabetes. Learm more about the task force's findings and interventions that work.
Are you interested in learning how law can be used to protect and promote the public's health? CDC's Public Health Law Program is offering a 9–14 week unpaid externship for second and third-year law students who want to explore careers in public health. To apply for the spring 2015 externship, send a resume and cover letter to email@example.com by November 1, 2014.
Public health leaders are encouraged to attend the Foundational Public Health Services webinar, Wednesday, October 1, at 3:00 pm (EDT). Panelists will discuss the development of a framework for Foundational Capabilities and Foundational Areas—a package of public health services consisting of cross-cutting, essential skills and substantive areas of expertise. Participation is free, but please register in advance.
A recent MMWR supplement examined the use of selected clinical preventive services among infants, children, and adolescents in the US. The findings in this supplement indicate that millions of infants, children, and adolescents in the United States have not benefitted from key clinical preventive services, and that there are large disparities by demographics, geography, and healthcare coverage and access in the use of these services.
More than 1.1 million people in the US are living with HIV. CDC's new campaign, HIV Treatment Works, encourages people living with HIV to Get in care, Stay in care, and Live well. Visit the campaign website to learn more.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) is hosting a free webinar, “Aligning Measure Sets: Tools & Methods for States,” to discuss the state of healthcare quality alignment and hear about the work of RWJF grantees. The webinar will take place Tuesday, September 23, 2014, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EDT). The webinar will feature a brief on state-level development of performance measure sets and new suite of interactive tools for measure set development. Representatives from Washington and Vermont will also present on their experienced developing better-aligned measure sets and real world use of the tools.
In recognition of September’s Emergency Preparedness Month, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) created this web page. It provides access to NIOSH topics and publications about responder safety and health, natural disasters and hazards, and NIOSH disaster response efforts, as well as links to related NIOSH programs.
CDC’s first State HIV Prevention Progress Report offers baseline information on the most urgent priorities for strengthening states’ HIV prevention and care efforts. The nation’s HIV goals are achievable, but reaching them depends on progress made at the state and local levels, and closing the gap between states will be critical. The differences described in this report likely reflect a complex range of differences between states. These include unique histories and other circumstances such as levels of HIV burden, public health priorities, economic realities, healthcare systems, quality of data, existing infrastructure for HIV services, community response, and population demographics. In addition, resources vary with regard to federal, state, and local funding. Direct comparisons between states cannot be made without understanding and accounting for these variations.
CDC released an MMWR Supplement, “Use of Selected Clinical Preventive Services to Improve the Health of Infants, Children, and Adolescents—United States, 1999–2011.” This supplement provides a baseline snapshot of use of selected clinical preventive services for US infants, children, and adolescents prior to 2012, before or shortly after implementation of the Affordable Care Act. The findings indicate that millions of infants, children, and adolescents in the United States did not receive key clinical preventive services.
The Ebola outbreak continues in West Africa and is affecting Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. It is important that humanitarian aid work continue in this region; however, CDC is recommending that US residents avoid nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. If you are traveling to areas where outbreaks of Ebola are occurring, become familiar with CDC recommendations to protect your health and safety.
About 1 in 6 children ages 8–17 years has raised blood pressure. Join us for the Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference on Tuesday, September 9, at 2:00 pm (EDT) to learn what school districts in California and Idaho are doing to decrease sodium in children’s diets.
The upcoming free "Healthier Pregnancy: Tools and Techniques to Best Provide ACA-Covered Preventive Services" webinar will take place September 23, 2014, from 9:00 to 10:30 am (EDT). Using trauma-informed care principles, the webinar will focus on successful implementation of clinical preventive services related to tobacco, alcohol, depression, intimate partner violence, obesity, and breastfeeding. Speakers will also address the role of traumatic exposure and importance of trauma-informed care. The webinar will be available via live webcast in addition to in-person attendance. Continuing education will be provided.
The US Department of Health and Human Services launched this challenge to identify practices, clinicians, and health systems that have worked successfully with patients to reduce high blood pressure and improve heart health. CDC developed this challenge in support of Million Hearts® to recognize exemplary practices and providers in blood pressure management. This includes working with patients to achieve hypertension control rates of 70 percent or above and motivating practices and health systems to intensify their efforts. The deadline to submit a nomination is before midnight October 10, 2014.
A CSPAP can improve students’ overall health. It is a multi-component approach for school districts and schools to encourage students to be physically active, meet the nationally recommended 60 minutes of physical activity each day, and develop the knowledge, skills, and confidence to be physically active for a lifetime. CDC, in collaboration with American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, developed a step-by-step guide for schools and school districts to develop, implement, and evaluate CSPAPs.
Subsequent to the issuance of HAN 364, CDC has made a minor revision and now recommends that healthcare workers contact their state and/or local health department and CDC to determine the proper category for shipment based on clinical history and risk assessment by CDC. State guidelines may differ and state or local health departments should be consulted prior to shipping. For updated guidance on specimen submission, visit http://go.usa.gov/EtaB for detailed instructions and a link to the specimen submission form for CDC laboratory testing.
2014 updates and tutorial videos are now available for the Disability and Health Data System (DHDS). DHDS is a CDC surveillance tool that provides disability-specific information on over 70 health and demographic indicators available by disability status for adults 18 years and older.
The Association for State and Territorial Health Officials will hold the webinar "Empowering Community Members to Advance Health Equity: Building Capacity Through Innovative Training Models." The webinar will describe two novel approaches to build capacity to address health inequities. It will take place August 20, 2014, at 3:00–4:00 pm (EDT).
The Guinean Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Health and Sanitation of Sierra Leone, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of Liberia, and the Nigerian Ministry of Health are working with national and international partners to investigate and respond to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Use this infographic to inform your communities about facts related to Ebola. A Spanish version of the infographic is also available.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is working closely with the World Health Organization and other partners to better understand and manage the public health risks posed by Ebola virus disease (EVD). As of August 10, 2014, no EVD cases have occurred in the United States. The purpose of this document is to provide updated information about EVD to clinicians working in US hospitals and health clinics.
Registration is now for the 1st International Symposium to Advance TOTAL WORKER HEALTH™. The Symposium will be held October 6–8, 2014, at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. Join more than 500 scientists and practitioners from around the world and learn the state of the science and practice using a coordinated approach that integrates health protection and health promotion.
The Emergency Responder Health Monitoring and Surveillance system gives guidance for protecting responders during various emergency types and settings. It is for use by all who are involved in deployment and protection of emergency responders: incident management and response leaders; health, safety, and medical personnel; and emergency responders. It was developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health along with the US National Response Team and other federal agencies, state health departments, labor unions, and volunteer groups.
Nine in ten children didn’t eat enough vegetables in 2007–2010. Join us for the Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference on Tuesday, August 12, at 2:00 pm (EDT) to learn how the Alaska and Wisconsin health departments are doing to increase children’s fruit and vegetable consumption in schools and childcare settings.
CDC’s Public Health Law Program (PHLP) and the American Health Lawyers Association are co-hosting a series of webinar roundtable discussions that will provide lawyers, in-house counsel, and academics an overview of health system transformation. The “Legal Mechanisms Supporting Accountable Care Principles—What Do They Mean for Your Practice?” webinar will take place August 11, 2014, at 2 pm (EDT). The webinar will discuss PHLP’s research on law and policy related to health system transformation, accountable care organizations, and hospital presumptive eligibility for Medicaid.
CDC’s Environmental Health Specialists Network developed two tools to help address foodborne illness. The e-Learning on Environmental Assessment of Foodborne Illness Outbreaks and the National Voluntary Environmental Assessment Information System can help public health professionals understand environmental causes of foodborne illness and prevent it.
CDC’s Public Health Law Program published three accountable care resources: Accountable Care: Basic Principles and Related Law, an Accountable Care Presentation, and a Research Anthology for Accountable Care. These resources can help practitioners understand how accountable care might impact public health and engage with accountable care entities in their jurisdictions.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), with CDC’s support, is offering a request for proposals (RFP) to help states achieve the Million Hearts goal of preventing one million heart attacks and strokes by 2017. The RFP will support states in using a quality improvement process to partner across sectors, including clinical, community, and public health partners to implement best practices and evidence-based policies to identify, control, and improve blood pressure. All governmental state health agencies in good standing with ASTHO—except the 10 agencies that participated in the first learning collaborative during 2013–2014—are eligible to apply. The application deadline is September 4 at 3 pm (EDT). ASTHO will host a teleconference about this funding opportunity on August 4 at 3 pm (EDT).
The purpose of this cooperative agreement is to enable public health departments to bill health insurance plans with the intent of capturing immunization service delivery fees. The goal of this FOA is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of immunization programs.
The 2014 Association for State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) Annual Meeting will be September 10–11, 2014, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The theme for the meeting is "Achieving Population Health in Evolving Systems,” with two full days of public health presentations and discussions. Scheduled topics include health systems changes, prescription drug misuse and abuse, changes in health information systems, and the launch of the 2015 ASTHO President’s Challenge on healthy aging. Early bird registration is open until August 4, 2014.
CDC and the National Association for County and City Health Officials put the “rad” in radiation legal preparedness resources! CDC’s Public Health Law Program published Public Health Preparedness: Examination of Legal Language Authorizing Responses to Radiological Incidents, which assesses state and local laws that authorize restriction of movement and decontamination of people during a radiological event.
This CDC guide for health departments features a Building Resilience Against Climate Effects framework to help health departments prepare for and respond to climate change. The White House has announced it is taking action to support climate preparedness, which addresses the CDC report, and is integrating climate change into Federal Emergency Management Agency hazard mitigation plans.
A new CDC report on physical activity-related behaviors and policies by state is now available. The report also highlights what several states are doing to improve access to recreation areas and increase physical activity such as adding sidewalks, encouraging bicycling, and creating safe routes to school.
The Fifty Nifty is back in the July 2014 Public Health Law News issue, with public health law stories from all 50 states. This issue also features an interview with Dr. Rueben C. Warren, professor and director of the National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care at Tuskegee University. Dr. Warren discusses his journey in public health and the work at the Bioethics Center.
Million Hearts released a resource center that features lower-sodium, heart-healthy recipes and family-friendly meal plans, with an emphasis on managing sodium intake, a major contributor to high blood pressure and heart disease. This consumer-friendly addition to existing Million Hearts tools supports the initiative’s goal of preventing 1 million heart attacks and strokes. Million Hearts is a joint initiative of CDC and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
This CDC report reveals progress nationally in creating and enhancing places to be physically active in communities. Today, more than half of youth have access to parks or playground areas; recreation centers, community centers, boys’ and girls’ clubs; and walking paths or sidewalks, according to the report. Find out what your state is doing to promote physical activity.
Fiscal year 2015 CDC guidance and template for new, non-research, domestic funding opportunities are now available on the Procurement and Grants Office website under Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs).
CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases has posted a new funding opportunity to promote HPV vaccination. The purpose of this cooperative agreement is to develop and administer a national network of cancer prevention organizations to promote, in coordination with immunization stakeholders, efforts and activities to improve HPV vaccination delivery for the prevention of HPV-related cancers. If interested, submit your letter of intent by July 14, 2014 and apply before the August 1, 2014 deadline.
This article, written with CDC authors, was published in the “Lancet” as part of a larger CDC supplement titled “The Health of Americans.” The article provides a better understanding of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and describes the less frequently focused on opportunities for prevention and public health.
The latest round of CDC’s 2014 Tips From Former Smokers ads were released this week. The campaign features real people living with the effects of smoking, such as gum disease, pre-term birth, cancer, and complications from smoking with HIV. Ads run nationally for 9 weeks. Please use these resources to help promote the campaign in your communities.
Every day, 46 people die from prescription painkiller overdose in the US. Join us for the Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference on Tuesday, July 8, at 2:00 pm (EDT) to learn how the New York and Tennessee health departments are combatting painkiller overprescribing.
Antibiotic-resistant infections from foodborne germs cause about 430,000 illnesses annually in the US. The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System, Food and Drug Administration, and CDC have released new data that compare human resistance levels and introduce a new method of data interpretation. The full 2012 report is available on the CDC website http://go.usa.gov/XgQw.
CDC released six new Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) to advance the nation’s chronic disease prevention and health promotion efforts. Geared toward different eligible applicants—from state and local health departments to community-based coalitions and networks—these FOAs provide the needed resources to engage healthcare providers and institutions in efforts to build lasting systems of health, prevention, and equity in communities across the country.
The MMWR Express application provides fast access to the blue summary boxes in the “MMWR Weekly” and can be viewed by publication date or by specific subject (e.g., Salmonella). It is the first iPhone/iPad app to provide MMWR content and is one of an expanding collection of mobile applications from CDC. When online, MMWR Express can quickly check for new content, ensuring that users always have the most up-to-date information. Users also can share content with others via email, text message, Facebook, or Twitter. It is available for free download in the Apple App Store.
June 27 is the 20th annual observance of National HIV Testing Day. CDC has issued new recommendations for HIV testing: Laboratory Testing for the Diagnosis of HIV Infection: Updated Recommendations. These updates allow detection of acute HIV infections that would be missed by antibody tests alone and can help patients get care sooner by expediting test results.
NIH’s National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has developed an infographic specifically for dads on how to keep babies safe by reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS, and other sleep-related causes of infant death.
The Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) awarded five-year accreditation to an additional 13 health departments, bringing the total to 44. The group was the largest to date; it contained three state and ten local health departments. Hundreds of other health departments are preparing to seek national voluntary accreditation through the program.
The web-based CDC Worksite Health ScoreCard is a tool to help employers assess whether they have implemented science-based health promotion and protection interventions in their worksites. The tool can also be used to monitor worksite practices, establish best practice benchmarks, and track improvements in worksite health promotion programs to direct resources more effectively.
New videos on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s (AHRQ’s) Health IT YouTube channel highlight successful health information-technology (IT) projects and provide insight on how AHRQ research supports the use of health IT to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of care.
Avoid Montezuma’s revenge—or worse—by downloading CDC’s "Can I Eat This?" app. Just select the country you’re in and answer simple questions about what you’re about to eat or drink, and the app will tell you whether it’s likely to be safe.
YRBS reports the prevalence of health-risk behaviors that are leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and young adults. Population-based data on these behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth nationwide.
The National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO)’s 2014 Forces of Change survey was conducted to report on the greatest forces of change for local health departments (LHDs). The survey found that economic forces, health reform, and health department accreditation are currently the greatest contributors to change. Nearly one-third (28%) of LHDs reported a lower budget in FY 2013 than in FY 2012, and a similar proportion (29%) expect budget cuts to continue into the next fiscal year. LHDs also continue to lose jobs; since 2008, LHDs have collectively lost 48,300 jobs due to layoffs and attrition. These budget realities, as well as the choices LHDs are making about their role in the changing healthcare environment, all have affected the scale and scope of services LHDs can provide.
Join the next Public Health Grand Rounds, “The 25th Anniversary of the Discovery of the Hepatitis C Virus: Looking Back to Look Forward,” on June 17, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EDT). Twenty-five years ago, CDC played a pivotal role in the discovery of the virus that causes hepatitis C. This session of Public Health Grand Rounds will discuss how new screening guidelines, testing methods, and therapeutic advances will provide us with an opportunity to improve individual outcomes and to eventually eliminate hepatitis C virus infection.
The National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) developed the Billing Task Analysis with help from CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. This resource can help state and local health departments find resources and understand key decisions about the development of a third-party billing capacity, whether they are initiating a billing system or looking to improve an established billing effort.
Although measles elimination was declared in the United States in 2000, importations of measles cases from endemic areas of the world continue to occur, leading to secondary measles cases and outbreaks in the United States, primarily among unvaccinated persons. To update national measles data in the United States, CDC evaluated cases reported by states from January 1 through May 23, 2014. A total of 288 confirmed measles cases have been reported to CDC, surpassing the highest reported yearly total of measles cases since elimination. The large number of cases this year emphasizes the need for health-care providers to have a heightened awareness of the potential for measles in their communities and the importance of vaccination to prevent measles.
A webinar, Inclusion and Integration of Population Health into Undergraduate Medical Curriculum, will take place June 26, 2014, 1–2 pm (EDT). The webinar, targeted to medical faculty, public health professionals, and curriculum deans, will describe key elements of success and solutions to overcoming barriers to better facilitate the integration of a population health perspective in medical education. It will highlight multiple programs and activities that include population health and public health within the undergraduate medical education experience. The Association of American Medical Colleges will host this webinar in partnership with The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences.
After completing additional and more definitive laboratory tests, CDC officials have concluded that an Indiana MERS patient did not spread the virus to an Illinois associate during a business meeting they had before the patient became ill and was hospitalized.
Swimming pools can spread diarrhea and other illnesses. Use CDC’s infographic in your community to share what kinds of gunk washes off people’s bodies when they jump in the water—and what they can do to protect themselves and others from getting sick.
After three students from the same high school acquired tuberculosis (TB), the Fairfax County Health Department in Virginia asked for volunteers to help conduct a TB contact investigation. Learn more about how this community worked together to conduct large-scale TB screening and testing in a diverse environment.
The Intitute of Medicine's (IOM) Roundtable on Population Health Improvement is holding a public workshop, Opportunities for Progress at the Interface of Health and Education, of June 5, 2014. The workshop will focus on how the relationship between education and health can inform the nation's policies and investments. Register for this workshop and attend in person or view the webcast.
May is Asthma Awareness Month. You can use the items in CDC’s Asthma Awareness Month Toolkit to raise awareness about asthma in your communities. The toolkit includes key messages, videos and audio podcasts, sample social media, and a personal asthma action plan builder.
CDC’s Public Health Law Program and the Network for Public Health Law will co-host “Advancing Tribal Public Health Through Law: Legal Technical Assistance and Resources for Tribes and Tribal-Serving Organizations,” a webinar on tribal public health law resources on, Thursday, May 29, 2014, 2:00–3:00 pm (EDT). The speakers include staff from the National Indian Health Board, CDC’s Public Health Law Program, the Network for Public Health Law, and the National Congress for American Indians. Participants will be able to ask questions of the speakers about public health law-related issues and needs of tribal communities.
May 19–25 is Recreational Water Illness and Injury (RWII) Prevention Week. The focus is on the role of swimmers, aquatics and beach staff, residential pool owners, and public health officials in preventing drowning, pool chemical injuries, and illness outbreaks. Learn more about RWII and how to prevent recreational water illnesses.
Cross-jurisdictional sharing is a strategy that is increasingly being used in state, tribal, local, and territorial agencies to address opportunities and challenges such as tight budgets, increased burden of disease, and regional planning needs. Visit the STLT Gateway to view resources on the topic.
CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention has developed a new online resource for health departments and partners that offers guidance, resources, and information on health system changes.
Adults with disabilities are three times more likely to have heart disease, stroke, diabetes, or cancer than adults without disabilities. Join the Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference today at 2:00 pm (EDT) to hear what communities in South Carolina and Michigan are doing to increase physical activity and decrease the risk of chronic diseases for this population.
Join CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health and the Office of the Surgeon General for a Twitter chat May 21, 2–3 pm (EDT). Dr. Howard Koh and Rear Admiral Lushniak will discuss key findings from the report and talk about what to do to continue progress in reducing death and disease caused by smoking. The hashtag for the event will be #SGR50chat.
Program Collaboration and Service Integration (PCSI) is a strategy intended to strengthen collaborative work across HIV, STD, TB, and viral hepatitis programs and facilitate efficiency and integration of services to the public. This can be achieved by combining, streamlining, or enhancing prevention services and maximizing opportunities to screen, test, treat, or vaccinate those in need of these services. The success stories describe awardees’ accomplishments and lessons learned in implementing PCSI within their jurisdictions.
A new toolbox is available to help public health practitioners and community-based organizations apply evidence-based intervention strategies. This toolbox is a collection on online public health materials including case studies, evaluations, templates, and more. Along with The Community Guide website, the toolbox provides specific guidance for putting evidence-based programs, services, and policies to work.
According to a CDC study, rates of five major diabetes-related complications have declined substantially in the last 20 years among US adults with diabetes. Cardiovascular complications and deaths from high blood sugar decreased by more than 60% each, while the rates of both strokes and lower extremity amputations declined by half.
CDC is seeking candidates for the position of Director of the Tribal Support Unit in the Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support. This position requires knowledge of the unique and complex cultural, environmental, social, economic, political, and other interrelated factors that affect the health of American Indian/Alaska Native populations. To apply, visit www.usajobs.gov. For candidates external to the federal government, the job announcement numbers for this position are HHS-CDC-DH-14-1012823 for the medical officer posting and HHS-CDC-D1-14-1092777 for the public health advisor posting. For candidates internal to the federal government, the job announcement number is HHS-CDC-M1-14-1095173. The application closing date is May 12, 2014.
CDC’s new funding opportunity announcement (FOA) template includes language related the use of funds by state, tribal, local, or territorial governments to seek or maintain national public health accreditation. “CDC Funding Opportunity Announcements and Inclusion of Accreditation-Related Language” describes the accreditation-related language in CDC FOAs and provides a table with links to FOAs that include accreditation-related language.
In a new press release CDC reports that American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) death rates for men and women combined were nearly 50% greater than rates among non-Hispanic whites from 1999–2009. Many of the observed excess deaths can be addressed through evidence-based public health interventions. For more information visit http://bit.ly/1faLtMN.
CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control and the National Center for Health Statistics have proposed an ICD-10-CM External Cause of Injury framework to provide standards for presenting injury data. Learn more about ICD-10-CM, recommended resolutions for major issues, and more.
Dr. Judy Monroe, deputy director of CDC and director of CDC's Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support, talks about the value of prevention in population health and CDC initiatives in prevention, related to provisions in the Affordable Care Act, in a Congressional briefing titled, "What's Preventing Prevention."
This award will be a continuation of funds intended only for grantees previously awarded under CDC-RFA-OT13-130102CONT14: Strengthening the Nation’s Public Health System through a National Voluntary Accreditation Program for State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Health Departments. The application deadline is May 12, 2014.
This report supplements CDC’s Health Disparities and Inequalities Report (CHDIR) and highlights selected CDC-sponsored interventions, which vary by their level of application and their reach. The CHDIR series identifies health disparities and creates the opportunity to design intervention programs.
The nation’s health is improving in more than half of the critical measures known to have major influence in reducing preventable disease and death, according this report from the Department of Health and Human Services. The Healthy People 2020 Leading Health Indicators are a select subset of Healthy People 2020 objectives chosen to communicate high-priority health issues and actions that can be taken to address them. This report highlights the progress made through the first third of the decade.
Join the next Public Health Grand Rounds on April 22, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EDT). We will discuss the challenges of understanding and diagnosing this complex disorder and the opportunities for early identification and screening. This session of Grand Rounds will also explore some of the evidence-based interventions that can help individuals with autism make gains in their development.
A recent study shows that getting a flu vaccine reduces a child’s risk of flu-related intensive care hospitalization by 74%. The study, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, is the first to estimate vaccine effectiveness against flu admissions to pediatric intensive care units.
All 50 states and the District of Columbia cover smoking cessation treatments for at least some Medicaid enrollees, but only seven states cover all nine treatments for all enrollees. Efforts to expand state Medicaid coverage for all smoking cessation treatments and remove coverage barriers have shown mixed progress over the past five years. A CDC study found that more smokers would quit if Medicaid programs covered more cessation treatments and removed barriers to coverage.
The April Vital Signs report shows that teen births in the US have declined over the last 20 years, yet 86,000 teens ages 15 to 17 gave birth in 2012. Join the Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference on Tuesday, April 15, at 2:00 pm (EDT) to hear what communities in New York City and Mobile, Alabama, are doing to prevent younger teens from becoming pregnant.
CDC estimates that Salmonella bacteria cause more than 1.2 million illnesses each year in the US, resulting in more than 23,000 hospitalizations and 450 deaths. The “Atlas of Salmonella in the United States 1968–2011” is now available online. This tool summarizes surveillance data on 32 types of Salmonella isolates from people, animals, and other sources. The Atlas allows users to view national trends in reported cases of human infection over time, problems in specific geographic areas, sources, and the connection between animal and human health.
A new hepatitis C grant is available. The application deadline is May 5, 2014. The grant, “Community-based Programs to Test and Cure Hepatitis C,” was developed and implemented by a coalition of key stakeholders in HCV infection (i.e., health departments, specialists in hepatitis C care, and primary-care providers) and is aimed at strengthening healthcare capacity to diagnose and cure hepatitis C.
The “Population-based HIV Impact Assessments in Resource-Constrained Settings “ grant is now available under the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). The purpose of the grant is to achieve primary prevention of HIV infection through activities such as expanding confidential counseling and testing programs linked with evidence-based behavioral change. The deadline to apply is May 5, 2014.
Search over 5,500 state-based policies for preventing and controlling chronic diseases. The Chronic Disease State Policy Tracking System allows users to browse through available policies or filter for specific characteristics and identifies if a policy has related repeals or amendments.
Excessive alcohol use is responsible for about 88,000 deaths and 2.5 million years of potential life lost in the US. The Prevention Status Reports highlight—for all 50 states and the District of Columbia—the status of the following policies and practices: increasing alcohol excise taxes, having commercial host (dram shop) liability, regulating alcohol outlet density.
The CDC STLT Connection Facebook page provides updates and resources relevant to the important work state, tribal, local, and territorial public health professionals do. “Like” our page to stay connected and access current materials.
CDC released two reports that detail national estimates of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and report on national and state-specific progress toward preventing HAIs. These reports show that progress is being made, but new challenges will require prevention efforts moving forward. Everyone, including public health agencies, patients and their advocates, and healthcare providers can play a role in preventing HAIs.
Phase I of CDC’s Office of the Chief Financial Officer’s newly developed Object Class (OC) Finder has gone live. The OC Finder is an easy to use search tool to help users find the proper subject class. Users can search by key work, OC number, category or subcategory, and other special criteria. The Phase II release is scheduled for the end of March.
The National Center for Health Statistics announces the release of three tutorial videos for the Health Data Interactive project. Health Data Interactive presents tables with national health statistics for infants, children, adolescents, adults, and older adults. Tables can be customized by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and geographic location to explore different trends and patterns. These new tutorial videos demonstrate how to use the detailed tables and drill into data to display the information you want the way you want.
CDC’s Grant Funding Profiles tool provides quick, easy access to information about CDC funding to address issues of public health importance in states, territories, and the District of Columbia. These investments include funding provided to state and local health departments, universities, and other public and private agencies for a variety of public health programs. CDC has added fiscal year 2013 funding data and jurisdictional profiles, and updated user information to the tool.
This article identifies the most commonly performed public health services by local health departments (LHDs) and highlights variation by LHD characteristics. Data are from the 2008 and 2010 National Profiles of LHDs by the National Association of County and City Health Officials. The descriptive analysis aims to further dialogue triggered by a recent Institute of Medicine report about the minimum set of services that all LHDs should provide.
Dr. Judy Monroe, director of CDC's Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support, finds parallels between the game of football and what we do in public health. It takes a team to play the gam, rallied on by supporting fans, yet every community needs a quarterback to lead that team to a win. Discover the five lessons learned from the Super Bowl for improving population health.
CDC has added a page to the 2013 Prevention Status Reports (PSRs) website to help users quickly locate reports for each state and the District of Columbia. The state page provides a new two-page summary outlining the state’s PSR ratings by health topic and indicator and the state’s individual reports on the 10 health topics. The PSRs highlight the status of policies and practices designed to prevent or reduce important health problems.
The Community Health Needs Assessments: Aligning Hospital Investments and Public Health Outcomes webinar on March 26 at 2:00–3:00 pm (EDT) will discuss the new community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirements for charitable 501(c)(3) hospitals. Molly Berkery from CDC’s Public Health Law Program will provide an overview of the CHNA legal framework and discuss CDC’s resources for implementing the CHNA process. Professor Mary Crossley from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law will describe strategies for moving from the assessment stage to broader population health initiatives and highlight how such community investments can provide a solid return on investment for hospitals in a changing healthcare environment. The webinar is co-sponsored by CDC’s Public Health Law Program and the Network for Public Health Law.
CDC Director Tom Frieden’s article, “Six Components Necessary for Effective Public Health Program Implementation,” in the American Journal of Public Health discusses the six key areas that organizations and coalitions must address if public health programs are to succeed and survive.
Access information and resources for conducting a community health assessment and developing a health improvement plan on CDC’s new website. This site can help state, tribal, local, and territorial health departments as they develop community health assessments and health improvement plans, whether for accreditation preparation, nonprofit hospital collaboration, or other reasons. The ultimate goal of a community health assessment is to develop strategies to address the community’s health needs and priorities.
More than one million people in the United States are at increased risk for adverse health outcomes from hereditary breast cancer, hereditary ovarian cancer, and Lynch syndrome (a hereditary predisposition to colorectal cancer and other malignancies). Because these conditions are often not identified by the healthcare system, many individuals and families affected by them are not aware that they are at risk. In this video, leaders from CDC, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, Michigan Department of Community Health, and other organizations discuss Lynch syndrome and hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, and cover key steps, the importance of partners, lessons learned, and next steps. The video was produced in partnership with Genetic Alliance.
This video provides useful information for state health department personnel interested in implementing Tier 1 genomic applications. The video features informal interviews by Sharon Terry of Genetic Alliance with state health department pioneers in Connecticut, Oregon, and Michigan.
Join the next Public Health Grand Rounds on March 18, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EDT), where we will discuss how more patients can benefit from advances in diagnostic and treatment options, resulting in an overall reduction in morbidity from multidrug-resistant TB. This session of Grand Rounds will also explore the role of CDC, WHO and other partners in combating this public health epidemic.
General sessions have been announced for the 2014 Public Health Informatics Conference. A diverse group of leaders will provide thought-provoking and well informed presentations to explore this year's theme, "ePublic Health: The Future is Now."