Everyone benefits when all kids have safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments. Child abuse and neglect are forms of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)—traumatic events that affect lifelong health. The good news is ACEs are preventable, not inevitable. CDC’s new resources can help your community better understand ACEs, their health impact, and strategies for prevention.
A new Medscape commentary by CDC’s Dr. Tom Chiller on the concerning rise of antifungal resistance has been posted. We encourage clinical labs to send samples of Aspergillus fumigatus to CDC for study of resistance.
With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment was able to fund data systems used by public health workers to quickly detect and respond to disease emergencies. Read Colorado’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
Congratulations to the 2016 CDC Foundation Childhood Immunization Champions! Read the stories of these people who work to improve public health by promoting and fostering childhood immunizations in their community. Their dedication is so important to protecting children and giving them a healthy start in life.
Health Equity Matters, CDC’s Office of Minority Health and Health Equity’s quarterly e-newsletter, promotes awareness of minority health and health equity work at CDC and in the broader public health community; supports the achievement of its goal to eliminate health disparities, improve women’s health, support diversity and inclusion in the public health workforce; and fosters ongoing communication and collaboration with its partners and the public. The spring issue offers feature stories, statistics, and quick links about health equity.
The Integrated Food Safety Centers of Excellence provide tools and assistance to health departments just like you! Read about the Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response Toolkit evaluations, a cultural foods safety app, and more in the quarterly newsletter.
Cancer genomics programs in state and local health departments and national organizations are working alongside CDC to conduct surveillance and educate the public and healthcare providers about diagnosis and treatment of hereditary cancer syndromes. Join us today at 1:00 pm (EDT) for the next CDC Public Health Grand Rounds, “Cancer and Family History: Using Genomics for Prevention.” Follow @CDC_eHealth on Twitter and use the hashtag #CDCGrandRounds to participate in the event.
CDC has posted FY2015 funding data and jurisdictional profiles on its CDC Grant Funding Profiles site. The profiles provide quick access to information about CDC funding provided to health departments, universities, and other public and private agencies in US states and territories and the District of Columbia.
Insufficient sleep is common among high school students and has been associated with an increased risk for motor vehicle crashes, sports injuries, and occupational injuries. The MMWR report analyzed data from 50,370 high school students (grades 9–12) who participated in the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys in 2007, 2009, 2011, or 2013. The analysis evaluated the association between self-reported sleep duration on an average school night and several injury-related risk behaviors among US high school students.
Check out new CDC study “Teens and seat belt use: What makes them click?” published in the Journal of Safety Research. Seat belt use was lower in states with secondary enforcement seat belt laws compared to states with primary enforcement laws. In addition racial/ethnic minorities and substance using teens were least likely to always buckle up.
CDC Prevention Status Reports (PSRs) website now allows users to print formatted state reports. Users can also print to PDF in browsers that support that feature. To print a state topic report, visit the “PSRs by State” page, select a state, select one of the 10 topics, then select “Print Topic.” To print a state summary showing the state’s complete set of PSR ratings, visit the “PSRs by State” page, select a state, select “State Summary,” then select “Print Summary.”
The American Public Health Association (APHA), Aetna Foundation, and National Association of Counties, in partnership with CEOs for Cities, announced a multiyear program to encourage small- to mid-size cities, counties, and federally recognized tribes to convene multisector partnerships in support of positive health changes. More than $1.5 million in prizes will be awarded to participants that demonstrate measurable change in the next few years. Efforts will be judged both on the quality of cross-sector partnerships and progress on metrics such as tobacco use, walkability, housing affordability, living wages, and community safety. Proposals are due May 31, 2016.
The Public Health Institute’s FACES for the Future Coalition is a national program that helps high schoolers from vulnerable communities pursue health-related careers. The Coalition’s new website features alumni success stories, a blog, and resources about their multi-faceted approach, along with more information about their diversity of new programs, activities, and program affiliates.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are infections patients acquire while being treated for medical or surgical conditions. HAIs are among the leading causes of preventable deaths in the United States. Healthy People 2020, CDC’s Public Health Law Program, and the American Bar Association will co-host a webinar, “Healthy People 2020 Law and Health Policy Project: A Focus on Healthcare-Associated Infections,” on Tuesday, April 12, 2016, from 1:00 to 2:30 pm (EDT). This webinar will present legal and policy issues related to preventing and addressing HAIs, central line-associated bloodstream infections, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It will examine legal approaches states and communities have taken to avoid HAIs and improve health outcomes and will describe the role attorneys can play to help prevent and control HAIs.
There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika. Zika can spread through mosquito bites in some states later this spring and summer. Based on experiences with similar viruses (dengue and chikungunya) in the United States, CDC knows that states like Florida, Hawaii, and Texas could have cases or small clusters of other diseases that are spread by infected mosquitoes. Additional states might be at risk. April’s Vital Signs, “Zika and Pregnancy—What You Should Know,” offers an infographic, “Mosquito prevention starts with you,” that details how to prevent mosquito bites.
CDC’s free posters that encourage childhood immunization are now available in Spanish. All posters are 18” x 24” and offered as color PDFs. You can also request high-resolution files for your commercial printer to print for display.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, in partnership with CDC and the Keystone Policy Center, launched a web-based toolkit, “Improving Your Access to Electronic Health Records During Outbreaks of Healthcare-Associated Infections.” The toolkit includes best practices, lessons learned, advice from state health agency staff, and tools—such as sample data use agreements, governance documents, state regulations, and letters to facility leaders—to help health departments improve information exchange with healthcare facilities during an outbreak investigation.
CDC, in partnership with the Association of Public Health Laboratories, has released new guidance for hemoglobinopathies screening: “Hemoglobinopathies: Current Practices for Screening, Confirmation, and Follow-Up.” The hemoglobinopathies are a group of inherited disorders (such as sickle cell disease and thalassemia) in which hemoglobin—the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues—is either abnormal or deficient. The guidance describes methods for hemoglobinopathy screening and diagnostic testing; discusses the methods’ advantages and limitations; outlines important follow-up procedures for affected individuals; and more.
Asian Americans make up about 5% of the total US population but account for half of the 2.2 million Americans living with chronic hepatitis B. In fact, 1 in 12 Asian Americans has hepatitis B. CDC’s Division of Viral Hepatitis created the “Know Hepatitis B” campaign to encourage testing for hepatitis B. The campaign’s multi-media materials are available in Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, and English.
With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the California Department of Public Health was able to expand the California Health Alert Network in 2014, when the first cases of Ebola were being diagnosed in the US. Read California’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
The 2016 County Health Rankings provide a health snapshot for nearly every county in all 50 states on more than 30 factors, including education, income inequality, jobs, violent crime, housing, transportation, diet, and exercise. National and regional trends are also highlighted for several new health-related measures included this year for the first time, such as residential segregation, drug overdose deaths, and insufficient sleep. The related Roadmaps to Health Action Center offers evidence-informed policies and programs for local leaders to consider in their communities.
The Diabetes State Atlas is an interactive web application that provides instant diabetes data on any device. The app’s graphic features simplify complex information and make it more accessible, allowing users to see the most up-to-date state data and trends. Users can customize maps, charts, and data tables to display trends by age, sex, and education. The app can also help users track diabetes prevalence, monitor trends, and track progress.
On March 24, 2016, from 2:00 to 3:30 pm (EDT), ASTHO, with support from CDC, will host the How State Public Health Can Invest in Healthy Communities to Improve Population Health technical assistance call. This call will highlight the Federal Reserve Bank's Healthy Communities Initiative, which was designed to create a space for community development, economic development, public health, and healthcare industries to collaborate to reduce persistent health inequities and create healthier communities for all.
Prescription drug abuse is a serious public health problem across the US. With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the Arkansas Department of Health significantly reduced prescription drug abuse in Arkansas from 2013 to 2014. Read Arkansas’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
The Public Health Accreditation Board PHAB awarded five-year national accreditation status to 21 more health departments and one integrated local public health department system on March 8, 2016. Now, more than 100 accredited health departments serve 50% of the US population, nearly 154 million people. National accreditation status was awarded to the following: Bullitt County Health Department (Kentucky); City of Long Beach Department of Health and Human Services (California); Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment; DeKalb County Board of Health (Georgia); Delaware Division of Public Health; East Central District Health Department (Nebraska); Florida Integrated Local Public Health Department System; Franklin County Public Health (Ohio); Henry County Health Department (Ohio); Lake County Health Department and Community Health Center (Illinois); Mesa County Health Department (Colorado); Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services; Oregon Health Authority, Public Health Division; Public Health-Idaho North Central District; Putnam County Department of Health (New York); Santa Clara County Public Health Department (California); Stratford Health Department (Connecticut); Washington County Department of Public Health and Environment (Minnesota); Whatcom County Health Department (Washington); Wicomico County Health Department (Maryland); Worcester Division of Public Health/Central Massachusetts Regional Public Health Alliance; Yavapai County Community Health Services (Arizona).
Public health law is an important tool to promote and protect public health, especially when preparing for emergencies. CDC’s Public Health Matters blog explores how CDC’s Public Health Law Program develops legal tools and provides technical assistance to public health colleagues and policymakers to help keep their communities safer and healthier.
TB spreads easily, especially in places like prisons, where many people live close together. With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the Alabama Department of Public Health is helping to reduce the rate of TB in the state’s prisons. Read Alabama’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
CDC’s National Prevention Information Network, the New York City STD/HIV Prevention Training Center, and the National STD Curriculum Center are hosting the 2015 CDC STD Treatment Guidelines webinar on April 5 at 1:00 pm (EDT). The webinar will be provided in Spanish. The STD Treatment Guidelines were developed through a rigorous peer-review process to help clinicians and healthcare providers give their patients the appropriate STD testing, treatment, and counseling messages.
CDC’s Top 10 Zika Response Planning Tips webpage was created specifically for state, tribal, local, and territorial health officials. It summarizes key information for health officials to help them identify rapidly emerging CDC guidelines. It also include Zika readiness planning resources on 10 topics—including surveillance, prevention, testing, and more?with accompanying action steps and resources for each topic.
CDC’s Antibiotic Resistance Patient Safety Atlas is a web application that provides open and interactive data about healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria. The tool uses data reported to CDC from more than 4,000 healthcare facilities to provide national, regional, and state map views of superbug/drug combinations associated with catheter and surgery HAIs. Users can customize maps and tables to show antibiotic resistance patterns in HAIs by filtering the data by geographical area (national, regional, and state), time period, event type, and patient age.
People receiving medical care can get serious infections called healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), which may lead to sepsis or death. Of the 18 antibiotic-resistant bacteria CDC identified as public health threats in 2013, nearly half cause HAIs. CDC is calling on doctors, nurses, healthcare facility administrators, and state and local health departments to continue to do their part to prevent HAIs. Join us today at 2:00 pm (EST) for the latest Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference, “New CDC Data Tool: Antibiotic Resistance & Healthcare-Associated Infections,” to find out more.
Join us for the next Public Health Grand Rounds, “Addressing Health Disparities in Early Childhood,” on Tuesday, March 15, at 1 pm (EDT). Presentations will include “Origins and Impacts of Disparities in Early Childhood,” “Public Health Programs to Improve Early Childhood Health,” and “Strategies to Promote Health Behavioral Development in Childhood.”
People receiving medical care can get serious infections called healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), which may lead to sepsis or death. Of the 18 antibiotic-resistant bacteria CDC identified as public health threats in 2013, nearly half cause HAIs. CDC is calling on doctors, nurses, healthcare facility administrators, and state and local health departments to continue to do their part to prevent HAIs. Join us for the next Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference, “New CDC Data Tool: Antibiotic Resistance & Healthcare-Associated Infections,” Tuesday, March 8, at 2:00 pm (EST) to find out more.
More than a third of American adults are not getting enough sleep regularly, according to a new study in CDC's MMWR. This is the first study to document estimates of self-reported healthy sleep duration (seven or more hours per day) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The MMWR findings show prevalence of healthy sleep duration varies by geography, race/ethnicity, employment, marital status.
CDC has just released the newest iteration of the Prevention Status Reports (PSRs), which highlight the status of policies and practices designed to address problems affecting public health. National summary data and individual state reports are available for all 50 states and the District of Columbia on the following 10 health topics: Alcohol-Related Harms; Food Safety; Healthcare-Associated Infections; Heart Disease and Stroke; HIV; Motor Vehicle Injuries; Nutrition, Physical Activity, And Obesity; Prescription Drug Overdose; Teen Pregnancy; and Tobacco Use.
CDC, in partnership with the National Public Health Information Coalition, invites abstracts for both oral and poster presentations and panel sessions focusing on health communication, social marketing, media, partnerships, public health policy communication, and other topics. The deadline for abstract submissions is Friday, March 18.
Did You Know?, CDC’s most popular syndicated content, is a weekly series of usable, actionable information covering a broad range of public health topics. Did You Know? topics are of interest to public health professionals, as well as a general audience. Public health agencies and other partners can add this CDC content directly to their websites through syndication. Adding it is easy, and the content automatically updates each week when CDC publishes the new Did You Know?.
CDC recently published recommendations for protecting people against sexual transmission of Zika virus. An additional case of Zika virus detected in semen in a man was reported after the CDC recommendations were published. While additional investigations are being completed, CDC is urging state, local, and territorial public health departments, clinicians, and the public to adhere to the current recommendations available for preventing sexual transmission of Zika virus.
The call for abstracts to facilitate 90-minute workshops at the Public Health Improvement Training (PHIT) is now open. The National Network of Public Health Institutes hosts PHIT, in collaboration with CDC’s Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support and other national partners. The training offers interactive learning and skill-building sessions designed for different experience levels. Travel and registration will be reimbursed for selected abstract presenters. Abstracts are due by March 7.
The February issue of the Public Health Law News features an interview with Dr. Judith Monroe, MD, President and CEO, CDC Foundation. Dr. Monroe shares how the CDC Foundation’s work relates to public health law and how state, tribal, local, and territorial public health agencies and other partners can collaborate with the CDC Foundation.
On December 31, 2015, the Puerto Rico Department of Health reported the first locally acquired case of Zika virus disease in a US jurisdiction. Zika virus is expected to continue to spread throughout the territory, and the 3.5 million residents of Puerto Rico, including about 43,000 pregnant women per year, are at risk for Zika virus infection.
A supplement to the CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report, published in CDC’s MMWR, highlights programs that reduce disparities by race/ethnicity, geography, disability, or sexual orientation across many health conditions. Public health professionals can enhance the effect of strategies for reducing health disparities, disseminate and tailor these strategies to reach more communities, and rigorously apply lessons learned from these efforts for even greater impact.
CDC is recruiting for the position of director for the Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support in Atlanta, Georgia. This senior leader will report to the CDC director as part of the senior leadership team within the agency. Applications close at midnight (EST) on March 10, 2016
Today’s session of Public Health Grand Rounds, “Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Advancing Research and Clinical Education,” will be held at 1:00 pm (EST). Doctors and scientists have not yet found what causes chronic fatigue syndrome. CDC’s expert panel of clinicians, epidemiologists, and researchers will discuss how they approach diagnosis and treatment in their own practices, how the diagnostic criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome have changed over the years, and how the public health community can continue to improve knowledge and understanding of this complex disorder.
: CDC has created the Zika Virus Microsite—an easily embeddable collection of Zika virus information about developments in the current outbreak, including prevention, symptoms, treatment, and material for travelers and pregnant women. The microsite can supplement your websites with CDC’s up-to-date, evidence-based content. It is automatically updated on your site in real time as CDC updates existing Zika web pages on www.cdc.gov/zika, so staying current is easy and maintenance-free.
The Foodborne Diseases Centers for Outbreak Response Enhancement (FoodCORE) project was formed so centers could collaborate to develop new and better methods to detect, investigate, respond to, and control multistate outbreaks of foodborne diseases. FoodCORE centers in Tennessee and Colorado worked together to investigate a Salmonella outbreak at a summer camp in Colorado. Their success story describes how investigators in multiple states can identify and thoroughly investigate more outbreaks.
This free e-Learning course explains how to improve foodborne illness outbreak responses using environmental assessments. The skills needed to participate in an outbreak investigation are different from those needed to inspect restaurants, and the role of environmental health staff is critical.
CDC’s 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines (Tx Guide) mobile app is now available for Android users as a free download. The STD Tx Guide app is an easy-to-use reference that combines information from the STD Treatment Guidelines as well as MMWR updates, and features a streamlined interface so providers can access information about diagnosing and treating sexually transmitted diseases.
Sexual transmission of Zika virus is possible, and is of particular concern during pregnancy. Current information about possible sexual transmission of Zika is based on reports of three cases. A new MMWR report provides interim recommendations for the prevention of sexual transmission of Zika virus. CDC has also updated its interim guidelines for US healthcare providers caring for pregnant women during a Zika virus outbreak. The update also expands guidance to women of reproductive age who reside in areas with ongoing Zika virus transmission.
In honor of American Heart Month, CDC TRAIN features, "A Community Health Worker (CHW) Training Resource for Preventing Heart Disease and Stroke (2015)." Public health professionals can inform CHWs in their communities about this evidence-based training that includes hands on activities and links to relevant websites and products. The training incorporates the latest research, guidelines and prevention strategies for heart disease and stroke.
The Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) has released an updated “Guide to National Public Health Department Initial Accreditation.” The guide contains several policy and process revisions, many of which went into effect February 1. Revisions include a shorter time frame for submitting applications to PHAB and requirements for health department directors to certify at the time of application.
CDC has released a health advisory: Flu Season Begins: Severe Influenza Illness Reported. CDC urges rapid antiviral treatment for suspected influenza (flu) in high-risk outpatients, those with progressive disease, and all hospitalized patients, without waiting for testing results. Flu activity is increasing across the country, and CDC has received reports of severe flu illness. Recommendations are available for clinicians about treatment of flu.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) and the de Beaumont Foundation seek teams of interested state health agencies and Big City Health Coalition members to apply for the Public Health Workforce Interest and Needs Survey (PH WINS) learning collaborative. The learning collaborative works to foster partnerships and improve workforce development practices in state and local health agencies. Selected teams will address a workforce development project related to PH WINS findings within their jurisdiction. Applications are due February 15.
CDC’s Health Literacy website contains a new Federally Funded Research section with a resource about plain language for grant writing from the National Institutes of Health. Grant writers can use the plain language examples to communicate more clearly the research intent and value in grant applications.
CDC has released a health advisory: CDC Urging Dialysis Providers and Facilities to Assess and Improve Infection Control Practices to Stop Hepatitis C Virus Transmission in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. CDC has received an increased number of reports of newly acquired hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among patients undergoing hemodialysis. Infection control lapses in dialysis care could expose patients to HCV. Any case of new HCV infection in a patient undergoing hemodialysis should prompt immediate action. Recommendations are available for dialysis providers and facilities about to address proper infection prevention and respond to a new case.
CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation (DDT) has launched the first-ever national public service campaign to raise awareness about prediabetes. In the United States, 86 million adults have prediabetes, and 90% of them don’t know it. DDT developed the campaign in partnership with the Ad Council, American Diabetes Association, and American Medical Association. The campaign includes lifestyle tips, links to CDC’s National Diabetes Prevention Program, an integrated SMS texting initiative, and humorous public service announcements to encourage people to take a short online test at www.DoIHavePrediabetes.org to learn their risk and the risk factors associated with the condition.
The United States has seen a significant increase in large-scale animal farming. Large-scale animal farms are classified as either animal feeding operations or concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), depending on the number of animals housed. Odors originating from CAFOs might cause deterioration of mental health and an increased sensitivity to smell. CDC’s Public Health Law Program has released a Menu of State Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations Laws Related to Odors, which examines state laws on CAFOs and the environmental odors they produce, and a Research Anthology for CAFOs and Public Nuisance Law.
The 2016 series of ads kicks off the fifth year of CDC’s "Tips From Former Smokers" national tobacco education campaign. The ads, which will run for 20 weeks beginning January 25, highlight the harms of smoking and benefits of quitting and tell moving, personal stories of Americans suffering from smoking-related illnesses. Public health professionals can use campaign materials to help reduce tobacco use in their communities.
The Public Health Law Program (PHLP) is accepting applications for summer 2016 internships and externships. The internships and externships provide entry-level experience for rising and current 3rd year law students who are interested in exploring careers in public health law. PHLP provides services and resources, such as technical assistance, publication access, and workforce development to CDC programs and state, tribal, local, and territorial health departments. Applications for summer 2016 are due by midnight (EST), February 28, 2016.
CDC has issued interim travel guidance related to Zika virus for 14 countries and territories in Central and South America, and the Caribbean. This Health Alert Network advisory follows reports in Brazil of microcephaly and other poor pregnancy outcomes in babies of mothers who were infected with Zika virus while pregnant. Until more is known, and out of an abundance of caution, pregnant women are advised to consider postponing travel to areas where Zika virus transmission is ongoing. The following countries are included in the travel alert: Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
The American Bar Association Health Law Section’s Public Health and Policy Interest Group, along with CDC’s Public Health Law Program and the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in the Department of Health and Human Services, are offering the last webinar in a three-part series, “Healthy People 2020 Law and Health Policy Project: A Focus on Healthcare-Associated Infections,” January 25, 2016, 1–2:30 pm (EST). This webinar will cover legal and policy issues used to prevent and address healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), central line-associated bloodstream infections, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and will describe the legal approaches states and communities have taken to avoid HAIs and improve health outcomes.
Join us for the next Public Health Grand Rounds, “Staying Ahead of the Curve: Modeling and Public Health Decision-Making,” Tuesday, January 19 at 1:00 pm (EST). In a process known as modeling, scientists analyze data using complex mathematical methods to predict and understand situations during emergency responses. These models can help decision-makers better prepare for the future. The Grand Rounds panel will discuss what insights models can provide, how modeling has informed responses in public health, and where modeling can lead the public health community in the future.
The US Department of Health and Human Services and US Department of Agriculture have released the 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, a resource for evidence-based nutrition recommendations that are the foundation for nutrition policies and programs across the United States. Intended for policy makers and health professionals, the guidelines outline how people can improve their overall eating patterns.
A report by Trust for America’s Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation reveals that most states are ill-prepared to prevent an infectious disease outbreak. “Outbreaks: Protecting Americans from Infectious Diseases” finds that more than half of states scored a five or lower out of ten key indicators about preventing, detecting, diagnosing, and responding to outbreaks. The report found that the United States must increase efforts to better protect the country from new infectious disease threats, such as MERS-CoV and antibiotic-resistant superbugs, and resurging illnesses like whooping cough, tuberculosis, and gonorrhea.
United Health Foundation released America’s Health Rankings Annual Report. The report is a comprehensive state-by-state study of our nation’s health. It shows improvements in several key indicators, including decreases in smoking and sedentary behavior. But it also reveals higher rates of drug deaths and more children living in poverty. Public health professionals can use the report to understand how their states compare on healthy behaviors, determinants of health, and health outcomes.
CDC updated its Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) to include 2014 data from the National Vital Statistics System. These data are now available in the following WISQARS modules: Fatal injury reports, leading causes of death, and years of potential life lost. Researchers, practitioners, and other public health professionals can use WISQARS data to learn more about the public health and economic burden of injuries in the United States.
The National Association of City and County Health Officials is offering technical assistance to local health departments about including people with disabilities in health department preparedness planning and response, as well as in all health promotion programming and activities (e.g., obesity prevention, tobacco prevention, flu vaccinations). Applications for technical assistance will be accepted from now until February 1, 2016, and are reviewed on a rolling basis.
Become a Public Health Associate Program (PHAP) host site and enhance your agency’s ability to deliver essential public health services. PHAP hires recent bachelor’s- or master’s-level graduates and assigns them to work in public health agencies, community-based organizations, public health institutes and associations; academic institutions, and CDC quarantine stations to fill critical staffing gaps and gain experience in public health program operations. Interested host sites can apply January 4–22, 2016.
The Public Health Associate Program (PHAP) is a CDC-funded training program for recent graduates with bachelor’s or master’s degrees. It offers frontline public health experience at health agencies; community-based organizations; public health institutes and associations; academic institutions; and CDC quarantine stations across the country. The application period is open January 4–8, 2016.
CDC reports that the opioid overdose epidemic hit record levels in 2014, with more than 47,000 deaths caused by misuse of opioid pain relievers and heroin. Opioid overdose death rates increased significantly in 14 states since 2013, according to data published in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The new data point to four key ways to prevent overdose deaths: limiting initiation of opioid misuse, expanding access to evidence-based treatment, increasing access to naxolone (a drug that can reverse the symptoms of an overdose), and improving detection of and response to opioid overdose outbreaks.
The National Board of Public Health Examiners board of directors announced new eligibility criteria for the Certified in Public Health exam. People who have a bachelor’s degree and at least five subsequent years of public health work experience are now eligible to take the exam.
The application period for the Public Health Associate Program (PHAP) will open on January 4, 2016! To learn more, check the PHAP website for a description of the program, details on how to apply, success stories from past associates, and a video from CDC Director Tom Frieden describing what he thinks makes a great PHAP associate.
Hosting a PHAP associate can enhance your agency’s ability to deliver essential public health services. PHAP offers two PowerPoint slide sets to help you decide if PHAP is right for your agency. PHAP 101 provides an overview of the typical host site and what they can expect, and PHAP 201 shows host sites how to develop a PHAP associate to their fullest potential and determine if they would make a good host site. Interested host sites can apply January 4–22, 2016.
CDC’s Division of Adolescent and School Health released the 2014 School Health Profiles, a system of surveys assessing school health policies and practices in states, large urban school districts, and territories. The 2014 release includes a comprehensive report with results from surveys conducted in 48 states, 19 large urban school districts, and 2 territories. There are also fact sheets, presentations, and other communications materials available to help keep you informed about healthy schools.
In the United States, motor vehicle crashes are one of the top 10 causes of death for people aged 1–54, and more than 30,000 people are killed in crashes each year. In 2013, crash deaths resulted in $44 billion in medical and work loss costs. New state fact sheets highlight current cost data for all 50 states and the District of Columbia and evidence-based strategies to reduce the number of injuries and deaths and their related costs. Also newly released is CDC’s updated, online, interactive calculator: Motor Vehicle Prioritizing Interventions and Cost Calculator for States, 2.0. This tool calculates the expected number and monetized value of injuries prevented and lives saved at the state level for a suite of 14 interventions, as well as implementation costs and available resources.
Join today’s session of Public Health Grand Rounds: “Strengthening a Culture of Laboratory Safety,” from 1:00 to 2:00 (EST). Laboratory safety is supported by complex and ever-changing science. More than 2,000 laboratory scientists in labs across CDC work with specimens to identify new health threats, stop outbreaks, and gain new knowledge. In today’s session of Public Health Grand Rounds, the panel will discuss how standards of laboratory safety have improved over the years, what they’ve learned from past incidents, and how establishing safety protocols and training systems can lead to an overall culture of workplace safety.
CDC used information reported to the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program to summarize the estimated national cumulative and annual average numbers of injuries from the 2009–2010 through 2013–2014 school years. The study results indicate that sports-related injuries can have a substantial impact on the health of student-athletes. Data indicated that, among men’s sports, the highest injury rates are in football and wrestling. For women, the highest injury rates are in soccer and gymnastics. The injury surveillance data can be used to compare injury incidence across sports, develop, and evaluate rule and policy changes, and focus injury prevention research and programs.
CDC’s Chronic Disease Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Exchange is an online forum for learning and sharing techniques for using GIS and maps to enhance chronic disease prevention and treatment. You can learn introductory and advanced GIS techniques, explore GIS resources, view maps that document geographic disparities in chronic diseases from communities across the United States, and add your own maps to the Map Gallery. Use the GIS Training Curriculum to learn how to leverage this tool in your public health work.
Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States, with more than 5 million cases treated per year at a cost of $8.1 billion. Reducing exposure to ultraviolet radiation could prevent most of these cases. Comprehensive skin cancer prevention programs, like those discussed in the report, can reduce the future burden of skin cancer and be cost-effective.
CDC, state and local health departments, and other partners will observe National Influenza Vaccination Week (NIVW) this week. NIVW highlights the importance of annual flu vaccination and fosters greater use of the flu vaccine in December, January, and beyond. CDC’s NIVW website has more information about event-specific educational materials, web tools, and CDC's planned activities for the week.
Nearly 800,000 Americans die each year from cardiovascular diseases—that’s one in every three deaths—and high cholesterol continues to be a major risk factor. Nearly half of the Americans eligible to take cholesterol-lowering medications are not taking them, according to a CDC MMWR. Blacks and Mexican Americans are even less likely than whites to take cholesterol-lowering medications. This study reveals ways to reduce existing disparities through targeted patient education and cholesterol management programs.
American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) have the highest prevalence of cigarette smoking compared to all other racial/ethnic groups in the United States. AI/ANs have a higher risk of experiencing tobacco-related disease and death due to high prevalence of cigarette smoking and other commercial tobacco use. Among AI/ANs, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death, and lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths. Learn more about national tobacco control programs, best practices, and other resources available in your state and community with this evidence-based guide.
Asians and Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders (NHPIs) are fast-growing US minority populations at high risk for type 2 diabetes. This report is the first to provide state-specific estimates of self-reported, diagnosed diabetes prevalence among Asians and NHPIs in the United States. CDC partners can use the findings of this study to support programs to prevent and control diabetes in vulnerable populations.
Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medicine taken daily that can be used to prevent getting HIV. PrEP is for people without HIV who are at very high risk for getting it from sex or injection drug use. Many people who can benefit from PrEP aren't taking it. In 2015, 1 in 3 primary care doctors and nurses had never heard of PrEP. If more healthcare providers know about and prescribe PrEP, more HIV infections could be prevented. The latest CDC Vital Signs presents information about increasing PrEP use. Join today’s Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference, “Daily Pill Can Prevent HIV: Reaching People Who Could Benefit from PrEP,” at 2:00 pm (EST) to find out more.
CDC’s Everyday Words for Public Health Communication is a new resource that offers expert recommendations from CDC’s Health Literacy Council and other agency communicators about how to reduce jargon and replace difficult terms to improve understanding. This resource combines years of experience and formative research by CDC’s communication staff, who have tested materials with diverse audiences. Everyday Words for Public Health Communication offers tips on common pitfalls of writing for public health audiences and highlights real examples of hard-to-read writing.
Open enrollment for the Health Insurance Marketplace began on November 1 and runs through January 31, 2016. State, tribal, local, and territorial health agencies can help promote the Marketplace and encourage constituents to enroll, keep, or change current coverage. The Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support has resources to help agencies with promotion, including Facebook messages, tweets, and links to fact sheets, infographics, posters, and brochures.
The Big Cities Health Coalition has released a report detailing the state of health in 26 large cities across the country and exploring a range of health indicators. Most cities have made noticeable strides toward becoming healthier places to live, but there is still progress to be made. Want to learn more about health of your city? Explore the data by category and see how your city compares with many of its peer cities across the country.
Celebrate the power of rural today with the National State Offices of Rural Health (NOSORH). National Rural Health Day showcases rural America and highlights the efforts by NOSORH, State Offices of Rural Health, and partners to address the unique healthcare needs of rural communities. Throughout the day, they will have several webinars, including “Rural Health Delivery System Reform,” “Partners Best Practices: Advocacy, Networks, and Workforce,” and “Federal Investments and Collaboration Models.”
The group was the largest since the program’s launch in 2011. Now, 45% of the US population, or nearly 139 million people, are served by an accredited health department. National accreditation status was awarded to the following: City of Wauwatosa Health Department (Wisconsin), Clay County Public Health Center (Missouri), Davis County Health Department (Utah), Erie County Health Department (Ohio), Huron County Public Health (Ohio), Jefferson County Department of Health (Alabama), Knox County Health Department (Tennessee), Medina County Health Department (Ohio), Mid-Michigan District Health Department (Michigan), Naugatuck Valley Health District (Connecticut), New Mexico Department of Health, Ohio Department of Health, Philadelphia Department of Public Health (Pennsylvania), Rhode Island Department of Health, Tarrant County Public Health (Texas), Tazewell County Health Department (Illinois), and Township of Bloomfield Department of Health & Human Services (New Jersey).
Parents have a powerful role in supporting children’s health and learning, so CDC developed resources called “Parents for Healthy Schools” to help engage parents to create healthy school environments. States and districts can collaborate with educational organizations, train groups that work with parents on how to use these resources, and share ideas for how parents can take action.
Visit the new Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) website to find CDC resources for SDOH data, tools for action, programs, and policies. Preventing diseases before they start is critical to helping people live longer, healthier lives. Learn how SDOH can improve individual and population health and advance health equity.
Venous thromboembolism (VTE)—blood clots occurring as deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or both—affect as many as 900,000 Americans each year, leading to approximately 100,000 premature deaths per year. About half of all blood clots happen after a recent hospital stay or surgery. Preventing healthcare-associated venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) is a national hospital safety priority. Some estimates show that as many as 70 percent of HA-VTEs are preventable. CDC has issued a challenge to hospitals to identify best practices to prevent healthcare-associated blood clots, increase the use of proven strategies, and encourage effective innovation in preventing blood clots.
While the flu can make anyone sick, some people are at higher risk of serious flu-related complications, like pneumonia and bronchitis, which can lead to hospitalization or even death. Young children, older people, pregnant women, and people with certain health conditions are especially vulnerable to complications from flu, making flu vaccination and the correct use of flu antiviral medicines very important for these groups. CDC has compiled resources and statistics about groups at greater risk for flu complications in a new CDC feature.
Local foodborne outbreaks are more common, but multistate outbreaks are more serious. From 2010 to 2014, they caused 56% of deaths in all reported foodborne outbreaks, although they accounted for just 3% of all such outbreaks. The latest CDC Vital Signs presents information about how—to protect the public’s health—government at all levels and food industries need to work together to stop outbreaks and keep them from happening in the first place. Join today’s Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference, “Working Together to Stop Multistate Foodborne Outbreaks,” at 2:00 pm (EST) to find out more.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) and de Beaumont Foundation recently released the results from the largest-ever study of the public health workforce. The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey (PH WINS) points to major changes for our nation’s public health system—with more than a third of state public health workers planning to retire or pursue positions in other sectors by 2020. The survey report also includes findings about a wide range of other issues affecting the public health workforce, like worker satisfaction and critical competencies.
One of the most noteworthy moments in a teenager’s life is earning a driver’s license, but it’s not without serious risks. In 2013, more than 2,000 teens, aged 16 to 19, were killed in motor vehicle crashes—that’s six teens every day. And for every teen who dies, about 125 teens are treated in emergency departments for injuries suffered in motor vehicle crashes. States that have introduced primary seatbelt laws have helped reduce serious crash-related injuries and deaths by about half.
Traffic-related fatalities are the leading type of job-related deaths. Knowing what motivates texting while driving is necessary for designing and evaluating effective countermeasures in workplace safety programs. The study confirmed previous results that found participants who reported texting while driving were more likely than non-texting drivers to be impulsive.
CDC encourages clinicians to recommend HPV vaccination the same way and same day they recommend other vaccines for adolescents. To determine whether the recommended HPV vaccination series is currently being administered to adolescents with health insurance, CDC and the National Committee for Quality Assurance assessed 2013 data and found that the median HPV vaccination coverage level for female adolescents among commercial and Medicaid plans was 12% and 19%. The results of this study indicate that there are significant opportunities for improvement because HPV vaccination coverage among female adolescents was low for both commercial and Medicaid plans.
Tribal, state, and federal laws create avenues for the collection of health data that can be used for public health surveillance. However, jurisdictional issues can limit access to this data. CDC’s Public Health Law Program (PHLP) and the Network for Public Health Law are co-hosting a webinar on Thursday, November 5, from 1:00 to 2:30 pm (EST) to address this limitation. The webinar will provide background on American Indian and Alaska Native public health data and surveillance issues and discuss the role of law in the access to this data.
To assess progress made toward the Healthy People 2020 target of increasing the proportion of US adult cigarette smokers who made a quit attempt during the past year to >80%, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for the years 2001–2010 and 2011–2013 to provide updated state-specific trends in quit attempts among adult smokers.