CDC recently released the 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card, which provides information about breastfeeding practices around the United States, the District of Columbia, and for the first time, Puerto Rico. The report card shows that among infants born in 2013, 4 out of 5 (81.1%) started to breastfeed, indicating that most mothers in the United States want to breastfeed and are trying to do so. While breastfeeding initiation rates have risen, many mothers are not meeting the recommendations for continued and exclusive breastfeeding, suggesting that mothers may lack ongoing breastfeeding support.
CDC’s Influenza School-Located Vaccination: Information for Planners website provides state and local public health department immunization and preparedness staff with information for planning and conducting school-located influenza vaccination (SLV) clinics. SLV vaccinations are those that are administered on school grounds, target enrolled students, held before, during, and/or after school hours.
Animals at petting zoos and agricultural fairs can carry pathogens, such as E. coli (Escherichia coli). Practices like handwashing after animal contact and keeping food and beverages away from exhibits can help to prevent disease outbreaks when people and animals interact. A new menu of state animal contact exhibit hand sanitation laws assesses and provides examples of how some states are regulating animal contact exhibits to prevent disease outbreaks.
CDC has released travel guidance related to an investigation that has revealed a new area of active Zika transmission in a 1.5-square-mile section of Miami Beach. This new guidance is in addition to previously released guidance that remains in effect. The previously issued travel, testing, and other guidance for local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission covered a one-square-mile area in the Wynwood area of Miami, identified by the Florida Department of Health (FL DOH).
Guest Matthew Penn, director of CDC’s Public Health Law Program (PHLP), and guest host Ross Silverman joined Nicolas Terry on a recent edition of “The Week in Health Law” podcast. Listen to them discuss how the PHLP team develops practical, law-centered tools and legal preparedness resources to support practitioners and policy makers at the state, tribal, local, and territorial levels to address public health priorities. To subscribe, search for “The Week in Health Law” in your favorite podcast app.
CDC will host the third part of the Health System Transformation Series: An Introduction to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) at 3:00 pm (EDT) on August 22. This webinar will describe CMMI's work in supporting healthcare payment and delivery reform, as well as testing innovative models. Opportunities for collaboration between healthcare providers and public health will also be discussed.
In 2011, the nonprofit Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) was launched with the support of CDC and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Public health departments undergoing national, voluntary accreditation through PHAB are reporting a range of benefits, including improvements in quality and performance.
Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) occurs when newborn babies experience withdrawal after being exposed to drugs in the womb. NAS can cause low birth weight and other complications leading to prolonged hospitalization. NAS is preventable if an expectant mother receives proper care and treatment. Join us today at 1:00 pm (EDT) for the next CDC Public Health Grand Rounds. Follow @CDC_eHealth on Twitter and use the hashtag #CDCGrandRounds to participate in the event.
The Journal of the American Medical Association’s “Viewpoint” feature looks back at “Zika Virus 6 Months Later” in an article by CDC Director Tom Frieden and other CDC experts. CDC first advised pregnant women not to travel to areas where the Zika virus was spreading on January 15, 2016. Six months later, more than 60 countries or territories have reported new local transmission of Zika. The article addresses what CDC has learned about the virus in this time and its recommendations to combat the spread of the Zika virus going forward.
Community-wide approaches to improving population health can help achieve lasting impact on health outcomes. CDC’s Health Impact in 5 Years (HI-5) initiative highlights non-clinical, community-wide strategies that have evidence reporting 1) positive health impacts, 2) results within five years, and 3) cost effectiveness and/or cost savings over the lifetime of the population or earlier. HI-5 uses interventions that address these conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play to have the greatest potential impact on health.
CDC's National Center for Environmental Health and the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials have announced a call for applications for the 2016-2017 Environmental Public Health Tracking: Peer-to-Peer Fellowship Program. The fellowship is designed to enhance capacity of states and territories not currently funded as part of CDC's National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network. Up to four state and/or territorial health agencies will be awarded fellowships. Applications must be received by September 9.
A new MMWR Report, "Disparities in Adult Cigarette Smoking-United States, 2002-2005 and 2010-2013," shows that despite a significant decline in overall adult cigarette smoking since 1964, disparities in cigarette smoking remain among racial and ethnic population groups. Substantial disparities have been found among American Indians/Alaska Natives and Korean and Puerto Rican Americans. The study's findings show the importance of identifying higher rates of tobacco use across and within racial/ethnic population groups to better understand and address differences in tobacco use among US adults.
CDC and the National Network of Public Health Institutes are cohosting the “HI-5: Exploring Community-Wide Interventions That Have Health Impact in Five Years” webinar Tuesday, August 9, 2:00–3:30 pm (EDT). During this webinar, experts from CDC and other national organizations will discuss CDC’s new Health Impact in Five Years (HI-5) initiative, which highlights non-clinical, community-wide approaches with a proven track record. Each intervention is associated with improved health within five years and is reported to be cost-effective or cost-saving over the lifetime of the population or even earlier. Public and private organizations can use this resource to assess the scientific evidence for short-term health outcomes and overall cost impacts of community-wide approaches.
To understand more about Zika virus infection, CDC established the US Zika Pregnancy Registry and is collaborating with state, tribal, local, and territorial health departments to collect information about pregnancy and infant outcomes following laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection during pregnancy. The data collected through this registry will be used to update recommendations for clinical care, plan for services for pregnant women and families affected by Zika virus, and improve prevention of Zika virus infection during pregnancy.
With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services Block Grant, the Utah Department of Health supported coordinators at local health departments in implementing its successful Targeting Obesity in Preschools and Childcare Settings (TOP Star) Program. As part of TOP Star, health education specialists work with childcare providers to find ways for children in their care to be healthier—like serving them more fruits and vegetables and allowing more time for them to play. Read Utah’s Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
CDC has released a health advisory: “CDC Guidance for Travel and Testing of Pregnant Women and Women of Reproductive Age for Zika Virus Infection Related to the Investigation for Local Mosquito-borne Zika Virus Transmission in Miami-Dade and Broward Counties, Florida.” The Florida Department of Health (FL DOH) has identified an area with local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission (active Zika virus transmission) in Miami (http://www.cdc.gov/zika/intheus/florida-update.html). Based on the earliest time of symptom onset and a maximal two-week incubation period for Zika virus, this guidance applies to women of reproductive age and their partners who live in or traveled to this area after June 15, 2016. With these recommendations, CDC is applying existing guidance to the occurrence of Zika virus transmission in this area of Florida. As more information becomes available, CDC will update these recommendations.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) has expanded and improved Tools for Change, the virtual resource library for the Million Hearts State Learning Collaborative. Tools for Change provides resources from states, national organizations, and federal agencies to drive states and territories’ work toward improving hypertension identification and control. Users can now search for resources by category (e.g., community-clinical linkages, data-driven action, financing and policy), by resource type (e.g., workflows and protocols, data systems tools), or by state.
Workforce development programs—such as the Public Health Associate Program and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists Applied Epi fellowship—add value to state, tribal, local, and territorial agency functions. Learn how trainees and fellows’ experiences working on the Multnomah County Health Department’s Ebola monitoring program helped them develop a solid plan to address the county’s measles outbreak vulnerability.
CDC will host the second webinar in their Health System Transformation Series, “A Deeper Dive into Medicaid,” the second webinar of the four-part Health System Transformation Webinar Series, on July 28, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EDT). The webinar will provide an overview of state and federal Medicaid programs, including population characteristics, roles and responsibilities, and decision-making processes. Participants will learn how to engage with Medicaid at the state and federal level for increased access, use, and quality of key preventive services.
CDC has created the “Your Health & Wellness” microsite—an easily embeddable collection of resources about the latest health and safety topics from CDC, including feature articles and podcasts. The microsite can supplement your website with CDC’s up-to-date, evidence-based content. It is automatically updated on your site in real time as CDC updates its existing web pages, so staying current is easy and maintenance-free.
The Network for Public Health Law and CDC’s Public Health Law Program will host a webinar, “Combating the Zika Virus: Mosquito-Control and the Law,” TODAY, July 21, 2016, from 2:30 to 4:00 pm (EDT). Speakers will provide an overview of the public health problem Zika poses, including an update on legal and policy approaches used to address the virus, both internationally and domestically. Presenters will also discuss the legal framework for community mosquito control and will offer information on how law and policy can be used to prevent the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases, such as Zika.
CDC’s Public Health Law Program created the Public Health Law Competency Model, which provides a framework for the knowledge, skills, and abilities expected of entry-level, supervisory, and executive-level public health practitioners in public health law. The model is for attorneys, public health practitioners, legal educators, and policy makers seeking a benchmark for satisfactory or exemplary public health law understanding and performance.
While Listeria monocytogenes is not one of the most frequently occurring foodborne pathogens in the United States, it is the third most deadly. CDC is applying Advanced Molecular Detection methods to enhance Listeria surveillance in #PulseNet. Maryland and Virginia show how real-time whole genome sequencing played a role in stopping a Listeria outbreak and led to a recall of soft cheese.
The Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services used Preventive Health and Health Services Block Grant funding to support regular food handling training for state and county food inspectors, keeping the state better prepared to protect its residents from foodborne illness outbreaks. Read Missouri’s Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
The World Health Organization and CDC, along with eight partner agencies from across the globe, issued a united call to action to protect all of our children. The focused approach is INSPIRE: Seven Strategies for Ending Violence Against Children. INSPIRE draws together what works best, from governments to grassroots, to prevent violence against children. It is an unprecedented unified framework to end violence against children.
“A Deeper Dive into Medicaid,” the second webinar of the four-part Health System Transformation Webinar Series, will take place Thursday, July 28, 2016, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EDT). The webinar will provide an overview of state and federal Medicaid programs, including population characteristics, roles and responsibilities, and decision-making processes.
Join us today at 2 pm (EDT) for the next Vital Signs Town Hall, “Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention—United States and 19 Comparison Countries.” About 90 people die each day in the US from crashes—resulting in the highest death rate among comparison countries. More than 18,000 lives could be saved each year if US crash deaths equaled the average rate of 19 other high-income countries.
Preventive Health and Health Services Block Grant funding is helping to support the Kentucky Colon Cancer Screening Program, which pays for staff and activities that raise awareness about colon cancer screening and prevention. Read Kentucky’s Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
The prescription opioid methadone used for pain has been identified as an important contributor to the rise in opioid-related overdose deaths. Efforts to reduce the use of methadone for pain accelerated after the Food and Drug Administration issued warnings in 2006. A new study, “Trends in Methadone Sales for Pain Treatment, Diversion, and Overdose Deaths, United States, 2002–2014,” evaluates the effect of those actions on rates of methadone sales, diversion, and overdose deaths between 2002 and 2014.
CDC has released a special MMWR supplement that provides a detailed account of the agency’s work on the Ebola epidemic of 2014–2016—the largest, longest outbreak response in CDC’s history. The supplement comes on the second anniversary of CDC’s official activation of the agency’s emergency response to Ebola.
The National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) has released the Local Board of Health National Profile, which contains the most up-to-date information about local board of health functions and characteristics. Findings provide an overview of the role local boards of health play in our public health system, including how they establish health priorities, approve budgets, and oversee local public health regulations.
This month’s Public Health Grand Rounds, “Special Presentation: Seven Decades of Firsts with Seven CDC Directors,” is part of the CDC’s 70th anniversary celebration on Tuesday, July 12, at 11 am (EDT). At this presentation, CDC will take a look back at the events of the last seven decades that have helped CDC become the world’s leading public health agency. Six former CDC directors will join current director Dr. Tom Frieden for this special Grand Rounds to help him recognize some of the accomplishments that have occurred at CDC during the past 70 years.
According to today’s MMWR, results from NACCHO’s 2015 Forces of Change survey show that local health departments (LHDs)—the primary providers of healthcare services for many clients—face challenges and opportunities as the public health and clinical care environments evolve. Ongoing budget cuts and resulting staff layoffs jeopardize LHDs’ work. Despite these challenges, LHDs continue to build and explore critical local relationships that benefit multiple stakeholders and their communities at large.
The Network for Public Health Law and CDC’s Public Health Law Program will host a webinar, “Exploring Social Determinants of Health Through the Public Health Law Lens,” Thursday, July 14, 2016, from 1:00 to 2:00 pm (EDT). This webinar will explore how the law can address social determinants of health, the Affordable Care Act’s impact on health disparities through its civil rights provision, and the reduction of health disparities through increased recreational access.
CDC’s microsites can supplement your own website by embedding up-to-date, evidence-based content for free. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) microsite is a dynamic collection of YRBS resources?such as a press kit, infographics, survey results, and factsheets—that can be syndicated on any website. As CDC makes updates to the YRBS materials, they will appear automatically on your site, in real time.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), with support from CDC and in partnership with the National Association of Community Health Centers, has released Public Health and Community Health Centers 101, which describes community health centers' services, infrastructure, financing, and governance. The issue brief also outlines opportunities for public health professionals and community health centers to develop meaningful partnerships to address healthcare disparities and collaborate around service delivery and preventive care.
Preventive Health and Health Services Block Grant funding is helping residents of Ward 7 of Washington, DC, learn how to eat healthier, manage their weight through healthy activities, and quit smoking through the DC Department of Health’s Enriching Lives–Building Health Program. Read DC’s Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
According to CDC Director Tom Frieden’s newest blog post, Zika virus—and the birth defects it can cause?can have a significant impact on families. While scientists and doctors are still learning about Zika, Frieden shares what CDC knows now about the virus and how it spreads.
Ten years after the Surgeon General’s report on the dangers of exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke, no states in the Southeast have a statewide comprehensive smoke-free law, according to data from today’s MMWR. Progress in other states has also stalled, with only two states achieving comprehensive smoke-free status since 2010. A comprehensive smoke-free law prohibits smoking in all private worksites, restaurants, and bars.
CDC is hosting the “Introduction to Health System Transformation and the Health Insurance Market” webinar today from 1 to 2 pm (EDT). The webinar will provide an introduction to health system transformation and the health insurance market. The webinar is the first in a four-part series about health system transformation that will discuss the history of health system change and describe key drivers and trends that influence current decision-making among stakeholders.
Each year, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) recognizes public health professionals for achievement, excellence, and outstanding service in public health on both the national and state levels. Nominate one or more outstanding professionals for any of the four 2016 Annual Awards. Winners will be announced at the end of September during ASTHO’s annual meeting. The deadline for nominations is July 8, 2016.
Determining serotype for Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) and serogroup for Neisseria meningitidis (Nm) is crucial for identifying potential outbreaks and determining appropriate public health responses. CDC has provided recommendations for clinical, commercial, and state public health laboratories about determining serotype for Hi and serogroup for Nm.
With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services Block Grant, seven Alaska school districts worked with the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services and the Alaska Department of Education to reduce childhood obesity by helping kids eat better and exercise more before, during, and after school. Read Alaska’s Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
According to the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) 2015 survey results, cigarette smoking among high school students decreased significantly from 28 percent in 1991 to 11 percent in 2015, the lowest levels since the YRBS began in 1991. But new data show that students’ use of electronic vapor products, including e-cigarettes, is increasing. Twenty-four percent of high school students reported using e-cigarettes during the past 30 days.
A rapid public health response is underway to identify and contain any potential spread from the patient. US healthcare facilities should review CDC recommendations to prevent antibiotic resistant infections, including measures to prevent transmission of bacteria resistant to colistin or carrying the mcr-1 gene. CDC has also provided recommendations for detecting and reporting bacteria with the mcr-1 gene.
Each year, about 5,000 people are diagnosed with Legionnaires’ disease, a serious lung infection that is caused by breathing in mist containing the germ Legionella. Water management problems can lead to outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease. Join us Tuesday, June 14, at 2:00 pm (EDT) for the latest Vital Signs Town Hall Teleconference, “Innovative Approaches to Reducing the Risk of Legionella in the Environment and Preventing Legionnaires’ Disease,” to find out more.
CDC released the funding opportunity announcement “Programs to Reduce Obesity in High Obesity Areas to Boost Prevention (DP16-1613),” which will award approximately $1.7 million per year to three land grant colleges and universities located in states with counties that have an adult obesity prevalence of more than 40 percent, based on Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Systems Data (2012). The award will support intervention strategies through existing county-level cooperative extension and outreach services to improve physical activity and nutrition; reduce obesity; and prevent and control diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Applications are due by August 2, and the anticipated award date is September 1.
CDC’s Division of Adolescent and School Health released the 2015 national, state, and large urban school district Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) results. YRBS monitors six categories of priority health behaviors among high school students. The release includes results from the 2015 National YRBS and from 37 state and 19 large urban school district YRBSs, new fact sheets and summary documents, and an updated version of Youth Online—a web-based data system for users to view and analyze the YRBS results.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), through support from CDC, will host the technical assistance webinar "Applying the Public Health Approach to Suicide Prevention." The call will take place June 15, 2016, from 2:30 to 4:00 pm (EDT). This is the third call in ASTHO’s 2016 payment and delivery reform technical assistance series. The call will highlight initiatives in state suicide prevention plans and grant programs that raise awareness and strengthen nontraditional partnerships among behavioral health and primary care providers, hospitals, and schools.
To build the evidence base for accreditation, the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) will release data generated through the accreditation process (to be used for research purposes only). PHAB keeps information about health departments that apply for accreditation confidential, so researchers interested in accessing the data must submit a data request form. If PHAB approves the request, researchers must sign a data use agreement that describes how the data may be used and sets limits on what researchers may do with the data.
CDC has released a funding opportunity announcement to equip states to improve the timeliness and quality of opioid-related surveillance data and inform ongoing activities to prevent and address prescription drug overdose. Enhanced State Surveillance of Opioid-Involved Morbidity and Mortality (CDC-RFA-CE16-1608) will support up to 11 state health departments over a three-year project period. Applications are due June 27, 2016.
The Department of Health and Human Services will present a progress review for two Healthy People 2020 topic areas: 1) health communication and health information technology and 2) educational and community-based programs. The webinar will also highlight a network of federally qualified health centers working to improve health literacy. Register now to participate in the webinar on June 16, 2016, from 12:00 to 1:30 pm (EDT).
The Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) awarded five-year national accreditation status to 17 more health departments on May 17, 2016. Since the launch of PHAB’s national accreditation program in 2011, 134 public health departments—19 state health departments and 115 local health departments—and one integrated local public health department system have achieved accreditation through PHAB. National accreditation status was awarded to the Arkansas Department of Health, the Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services, and local health departments in Arizona, California, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, Ohio, Texas, Virginia, and Washington.
National Cancer Survivors Day is June 5. CDC’s Division of Cancer Prevention and Control’s partner has developed a social media toolkit with many useful resources to help support survivors. From sample Tweets and Facebook posts to evidence-based practices for communicating with survivors, caregivers, and healthcare providers, this toolkit can help leverage your organization’s social media presence and raise awareness about cancer survivors.
Opioid overdose deaths have quadrupled in the United States since 1999, killing more than 28,000 people in 2014. CDC is expanding state opioid overdose prevention activities through a new supplemental funding opportunity. Prescription Drug Overdose Prevention for States Program Supplement, CDC-RFA-CE15-15010201SUPP16 will support the fight against the opioid overdose epidemic at the state level. CDC will fund approximately 10 state health departments up to $1,000,000 for this one-year initiative.
Every year 199,800 people die from injuries and violence. For every person that dies, 13 are hospitalized and 135 are treated in an emergency room. A new infographic, “Injury and Violence in the U.S. by the Numbers,” provides a snapshot of this public health threat in a visual format that is easy to understand and share through social media and digital platforms. The infographic conveys the magnitude of the problem and highlights key data and proven prevention strategies for Motor Vehicle Injury, Prescription Drug Overdose, Child Abuse and Neglect, Older Adult Falls, Sexual Violence and Youth Sports Concussions.
The Prevention Status Report website (www.cdc.gov/psr) now includes an option for users to create, save, or print full state reports as PDFs. Public health professionals can use this new feature to view all of a state’s 10 PSR topics in a single document that can be printed or shared easily.
The indigenous people of the Americas—American Indians and Alaska Natives—have practiced the art of medicine and wellness for many thousands of years. Therefore, it is no surprise that they have made substantial contributions to public health. CDC’s tribal support website now has a page created to honor and bring recognition to these accomplishments, including involvement in influenza vaccination disparities, creation of traditional foods projects, and development and worldwide use of the Hib conjugate vaccine.
CDC’s Public Health Law Program, in collaboration with CDC’s National Center for Birth Defects and Developmental Disorders and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Public Health Law Research Program at Temple University, has released a suite of resources related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including a dataset that examines features of state Medicaid prior authorization policies about pediatric ADHD medication treatment and “Treating Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders in Children Under Age Six Years: A Research Anthology.”
Millions of Americans have viral hepatitis, and most do not know they are infected. During the month of May, the Division of Viral Hepatitis and its partners work to educate people about viral hepatitis and encourage people to find out if they should get tested or vaccinated. Please join and donate a post to CDC’s Be #HepAware Thunderclap beginning at 12 pm (EDT) today: http://thndr.me/4TCNSF
CDC’s Division of Reproductive Health is presenting a webinar, “Reducing Disparities in Teen Birth Rates: A National Snapshot from CDC and Examples from the Field,” today at 1 pm (EDT). The webinar will highlight findings from the corresponding April 28 MMWR report. Program partners in North Carolina and South Carolina will describe their efforts to address the social determinants of health that might have contributed to narrowing of differences in birth rates between white and black teens in the targeted communities in their states.
With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services Block Grant, the Oklahoma State Department of Health conducted surveys and held community chat sessions to learn what health issues were most important in the state. The department then used that information to write the 2015 Oklahoma Health Improvement Plan. Read Oklahoma’s Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
CDC’s next Public Health Grand Rounds will discuss how public health programs and healthcare providers are working together to identify and reduce stroke risks and to improve the quality of stroke care and treatment. Join us on May 17 at 1:00 pm (EDT) for the live webcast. Follow @CDC_eHealth on Twitter and use the hashtag #CDCGrandRounds to participate in the event.
The 2016 Association of Public Health Laboratories (APHL) Annual Meeting and Tenth Government Environmental Laboratory Conference will take place in Albuquerque, New Mexico, June 6–9. The conference provides an opportunity for public health organizations to learn more about issues in laboratory science and explore new ways to manage laboratories.
The US Department of Health and Human Services has released “Health, United States, 2015”—the 39th annual report card on the nation’s health. The report includes a special feature on racial and ethnic health disparities that was inspired by the landmark 1985 Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Black and Minority Health, which documented significant health disparities among racial and ethnic groups.
About 53 million US adults have arthritis. CDC estimates that the number of men and women with arthritis will increase almost 49 percent to more than 78 million in 2040. About half of those with arthritis are working-age adults—age 18 to 64 years—which might affect productivity in the workforce.
With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the New Jersey Department of Health worked with the Diabetic Eye Disease Detection Program to make it easier for residents living with diabetes to get an eye exam—even if they don’t have insurance or an eye doctor. Read New Jersey’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
Births among Hispanic and black teens have dropped by almost half since 2006, according to a new analysis published by CDC. The report, published today in CDC’s MMWR, highlights key community- and state-level patterns. This mirrors a substantial national decline: births to all American teenagers have dropped more than 40 percent within the past decade.
CDC has published “Who's Not Driving Among US High School Seniors: A Closer Look at Race/Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Factors and Driving Status” in the Traffic Injury Prevention journal. The findings suggest that resources—both financial and time—influence when, or if, a teen will learn to drive. Innovative approaches might be needed to improve safety for these young, beginner drivers.
With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the Fairfield Health Department funded a new three-mile bike route that makes it easier for its residents to get more exercise. Read Fairfield’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
CDC released “STOP SV: A Technical Package to Prevent Sexual Violence” to help communities and states assess current prevention activities and identify areas to expand existing sexual violence prevention efforts. The technical package is a collection of strategies, approaches, and evidence to prevent sexual violence and lessen its immediate and long-term harms.
Everyone benefits when all kids have safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments. Child abuse and neglect are forms of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)—traumatic events that affect lifelong health. The good news is ACEs are preventable, not inevitable. CDC’s new resources can help your community better understand ACEs, their health impact, and strategies for prevention.
A new Medscape commentary by CDC’s Dr. Tom Chiller on the concerning rise of antifungal resistance has been posted. We encourage clinical labs to send samples of Aspergillus fumigatus to CDC for study of resistance.
With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment was able to fund data systems used by public health workers to quickly detect and respond to disease emergencies. Read Colorado’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
Congratulations to the 2016 CDC Foundation Childhood Immunization Champions! Read the stories of these people who work to improve public health by promoting and fostering childhood immunizations in their community. Their dedication is so important to protecting children and giving them a healthy start in life.
Health Equity Matters, CDC’s Office of Minority Health and Health Equity’s quarterly e-newsletter, promotes awareness of minority health and health equity work at CDC and in the broader public health community; supports the achievement of its goal to eliminate health disparities, improve women’s health, support diversity and inclusion in the public health workforce; and fosters ongoing communication and collaboration with its partners and the public. The spring issue offers feature stories, statistics, and quick links about health equity.
The Integrated Food Safety Centers of Excellence provide tools and assistance to health departments just like you! Read about the Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response Toolkit evaluations, a cultural foods safety app, and more in the quarterly newsletter.
Cancer genomics programs in state and local health departments and national organizations are working alongside CDC to conduct surveillance and educate the public and healthcare providers about diagnosis and treatment of hereditary cancer syndromes. Join us today at 1:00 pm (EDT) for the next CDC Public Health Grand Rounds, “Cancer and Family History: Using Genomics for Prevention.” Follow @CDC_eHealth on Twitter and use the hashtag #CDCGrandRounds to participate in the event.
CDC has posted FY2015 funding data and jurisdictional profiles on its CDC Grant Funding Profiles site. The profiles provide quick access to information about CDC funding provided to health departments, universities, and other public and private agencies in US states and territories and the District of Columbia.
Insufficient sleep is common among high school students and has been associated with an increased risk for motor vehicle crashes, sports injuries, and occupational injuries. The MMWR report analyzed data from 50,370 high school students (grades 9–12) who participated in the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys in 2007, 2009, 2011, or 2013. The analysis evaluated the association between self-reported sleep duration on an average school night and several injury-related risk behaviors among US high school students.
Check out new CDC study “Teens and seat belt use: What makes them click?” published in the Journal of Safety Research. Seat belt use was lower in states with secondary enforcement seat belt laws compared to states with primary enforcement laws. In addition racial/ethnic minorities and substance using teens were least likely to always buckle up.
CDC Prevention Status Reports (PSRs) website now allows users to print formatted state reports. Users can also print to PDF in browsers that support that feature. To print a state topic report, visit the “PSRs by State” page, select a state, select one of the 10 topics, then select “Print Topic.” To print a state summary showing the state’s complete set of PSR ratings, visit the “PSRs by State” page, select a state, select “State Summary,” then select “Print Summary.”
The American Public Health Association (APHA), Aetna Foundation, and National Association of Counties, in partnership with CEOs for Cities, announced a multiyear program to encourage small- to mid-size cities, counties, and federally recognized tribes to convene multisector partnerships in support of positive health changes. More than $1.5 million in prizes will be awarded to participants that demonstrate measurable change in the next few years. Efforts will be judged both on the quality of cross-sector partnerships and progress on metrics such as tobacco use, walkability, housing affordability, living wages, and community safety. Proposals are due May 31, 2016.
The Public Health Institute’s FACES for the Future Coalition is a national program that helps high schoolers from vulnerable communities pursue health-related careers. The Coalition’s new website features alumni success stories, a blog, and resources about their multi-faceted approach, along with more information about their diversity of new programs, activities, and program affiliates.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are infections patients acquire while being treated for medical or surgical conditions. HAIs are among the leading causes of preventable deaths in the United States. Healthy People 2020, CDC’s Public Health Law Program, and the American Bar Association will co-host a webinar, “Healthy People 2020 Law and Health Policy Project: A Focus on Healthcare-Associated Infections,” on Tuesday, April 12, 2016, from 1:00 to 2:30 pm (EDT). This webinar will present legal and policy issues related to preventing and addressing HAIs, central line-associated bloodstream infections, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It will examine legal approaches states and communities have taken to avoid HAIs and improve health outcomes and will describe the role attorneys can play to help prevent and control HAIs.
There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika. Zika can spread through mosquito bites in some states later this spring and summer. Based on experiences with similar viruses (dengue and chikungunya) in the United States, CDC knows that states like Florida, Hawaii, and Texas could have cases or small clusters of other diseases that are spread by infected mosquitoes. Additional states might be at risk. April’s Vital Signs, “Zika and Pregnancy—What You Should Know,” offers an infographic, “Mosquito prevention starts with you,” that details how to prevent mosquito bites.
CDC’s free posters that encourage childhood immunization are now available in Spanish. All posters are 18” x 24” and offered as color PDFs. You can also request high-resolution files for your commercial printer to print for display.
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, in partnership with CDC and the Keystone Policy Center, launched a web-based toolkit, “Improving Your Access to Electronic Health Records During Outbreaks of Healthcare-Associated Infections.” The toolkit includes best practices, lessons learned, advice from state health agency staff, and tools—such as sample data use agreements, governance documents, state regulations, and letters to facility leaders—to help health departments improve information exchange with healthcare facilities during an outbreak investigation.
CDC, in partnership with the Association of Public Health Laboratories, has released new guidance for hemoglobinopathies screening: “Hemoglobinopathies: Current Practices for Screening, Confirmation, and Follow-Up.” The hemoglobinopathies are a group of inherited disorders (such as sickle cell disease and thalassemia) in which hemoglobin—the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues—is either abnormal or deficient. The guidance describes methods for hemoglobinopathy screening and diagnostic testing; discusses the methods’ advantages and limitations; outlines important follow-up procedures for affected individuals; and more.
Asian Americans make up about 5% of the total US population but account for half of the 2.2 million Americans living with chronic hepatitis B. In fact, 1 in 12 Asian Americans has hepatitis B. CDC’s Division of Viral Hepatitis created the “Know Hepatitis B” campaign to encourage testing for hepatitis B. The campaign’s multi-media materials are available in Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, and English.
With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the California Department of Public Health was able to expand the California Health Alert Network in 2014, when the first cases of Ebola were being diagnosed in the US. Read California’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
The 2016 County Health Rankings provide a health snapshot for nearly every county in all 50 states on more than 30 factors, including education, income inequality, jobs, violent crime, housing, transportation, diet, and exercise. National and regional trends are also highlighted for several new health-related measures included this year for the first time, such as residential segregation, drug overdose deaths, and insufficient sleep. The related Roadmaps to Health Action Center offers evidence-informed policies and programs for local leaders to consider in their communities.
The Diabetes State Atlas is an interactive web application that provides instant diabetes data on any device. The app’s graphic features simplify complex information and make it more accessible, allowing users to see the most up-to-date state data and trends. Users can customize maps, charts, and data tables to display trends by age, sex, and education. The app can also help users track diabetes prevalence, monitor trends, and track progress.
On March 24, 2016, from 2:00 to 3:30 pm (EDT), ASTHO, with support from CDC, will host the How State Public Health Can Invest in Healthy Communities to Improve Population Health technical assistance call. This call will highlight the Federal Reserve Bank's Healthy Communities Initiative, which was designed to create a space for community development, economic development, public health, and healthcare industries to collaborate to reduce persistent health inequities and create healthier communities for all.
Prescription drug abuse is a serious public health problem across the US. With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the Arkansas Department of Health significantly reduced prescription drug abuse in Arkansas from 2013 to 2014. Read Arkansas’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
The Public Health Accreditation Board PHAB awarded five-year national accreditation status to 21 more health departments and one integrated local public health department system on March 8, 2016. Now, more than 100 accredited health departments serve 50% of the US population, nearly 154 million people. National accreditation status was awarded to the following: Bullitt County Health Department (Kentucky); City of Long Beach Department of Health and Human Services (California); Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment; DeKalb County Board of Health (Georgia); Delaware Division of Public Health; East Central District Health Department (Nebraska); Florida Integrated Local Public Health Department System; Franklin County Public Health (Ohio); Henry County Health Department (Ohio); Lake County Health Department and Community Health Center (Illinois); Mesa County Health Department (Colorado); Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services; Oregon Health Authority, Public Health Division; Public Health-Idaho North Central District; Putnam County Department of Health (New York); Santa Clara County Public Health Department (California); Stratford Health Department (Connecticut); Washington County Department of Public Health and Environment (Minnesota); Whatcom County Health Department (Washington); Wicomico County Health Department (Maryland); Worcester Division of Public Health/Central Massachusetts Regional Public Health Alliance; Yavapai County Community Health Services (Arizona).
Public health law is an important tool to promote and protect public health, especially when preparing for emergencies. CDC’s Public Health Matters blog explores how CDC’s Public Health Law Program develops legal tools and provides technical assistance to public health colleagues and policymakers to help keep their communities safer and healthier.
TB spreads easily, especially in places like prisons, where many people live close together. With funding from the Preventive Health and Health Services (PHHS) Block Grant, the Alabama Department of Public Health is helping to reduce the rate of TB in the state’s prisons. Read Alabama’s PHHS Block Grant success story, and other grantee stories, by visiting http://www.cdc.gov/phhsblockgrant/granteehighlights.htm.
CDC’s National Prevention Information Network, the New York City STD/HIV Prevention Training Center, and the National STD Curriculum Center are hosting the 2015 CDC STD Treatment Guidelines webinar on April 5 at 1:00 pm (EDT). The webinar will be provided in Spanish. The STD Treatment Guidelines were developed through a rigorous peer-review process to help clinicians and healthcare providers give their patients the appropriate STD testing, treatment, and counseling messages.
CDC’s Top 10 Zika Response Planning Tips webpage was created specifically for state, tribal, local, and territorial health officials. It summarizes key information for health officials to help them identify rapidly emerging CDC guidelines. It also include Zika readiness planning resources on 10 topics—including surveillance, prevention, testing, and more?with accompanying action steps and resources for each topic.